NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Decline of Welfare Benefits in the U.S.: The Role of Wage Inequality

Robert Moffitt, David Ribar, Mark Wilhelm

NBER Working Paper No. 5774 (Also Reprint No. r2221)
Issued in September 1996
NBER Program(s):   PE

Welfare benefits in the U.S. have experienced a much-studied secular decline since the mid-1970s. We explore a new hypothesis for this decline related to the increase in wage inequality in the labor market and the decline of real wages at the bottom of the distribution: we posit that voters prefer benefits which are tied to low-skilled wages. We test the hypothesis using a 1969-1992 panel of state-level data. An additional contribution of" our analysis is the use of General Social Survey data on voter preferences for welfare which we combine with Current Population Survey data to determine the voter in each state who has the median preferred welfare benefit level. Our analysis reveals considerable evidence in support of a role for declining real wages in the decline of welfare benefits.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w5774

Published: Journal of Public Economics 68 (1998) 421-452

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