David C. Ribar
Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social
Level 5, Faculty of Business and Economics Buildin
111 Barry Street
University of Melbourne
Institutional Affiliation: University of North Carolina at Greensboro
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|December 2016||Child Age and Gender Differences in Food Security in a Low-Income Inner-City Population|
with Robert A. Moffitt: w22988
A long literature in economics studies differential allocations of resources to children within the family. In a study of approximately 1,600 very disadvantaged households with children in three cities in the U.S. from 1999 to 2005, significant differences in levels of food allocation, as measured by an indicator of food “insecurity,” are found across children of different ages and genders. Using answers to unique survey questions for a specific child in the household, food insecurity levels are much higher among older children than among younger ones, and to be sometimes higher among older boys than among older girls. Allocations are strongly correlated with the dietary needs of the child as well as with household structure and the level of family organization. However, the difference...
Published: Robert A. Moffitt & David C. Ribar, 2018. "Child Age and Gender Differences in Food Security in a Low-Income U.S. Inner-City Population," European Economic Review, . citation courtesy of
|February 2011||Occupational Status and Health Transitions|
with G. Brant Morefield, Christopher J. Ruhm: w16794
We use longitudinal data from the 1984 through 2007 waves of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics to examine how occupational status is related to the health transitions of 30 to 59 year-old U.S. males. A recent history of blue-collar employment predicts a substantial increase in the probability of transitioning from very good into bad self-assessed health, relative to white-collar employment, but with no evidence of occupational differences in movements from bad to very good health. These findings are robust to a series of sensitivity analyses. The results suggest that blue-collar workers "wear out" faster with age because they are more likely, than their white-collar counterparts, to experience negative health shocks. This partly reflects differences in the physical demands of blue-collar ...
Published: Brant Morefield & David C. Ribar & Christopher J. Ruhm, 2012. "Occupational Status and Health Transitions," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, Berkeley Electronic Press, vol. 11(3), pages 8. citation courtesy of
|September 1996||The Decline of Welfare Benefits in the U.S.: The Role of Wage Inequality|
with Robert Moffitt, Mark Wilhelm: w5774
Welfare benefits in the U.S. have experienced a much-studied secular decline since the mid-1970s. We explore a new hypothesis for this decline related to the increase in wage inequality in the labor market and the decline of real wages at the bottom of the distribution: we posit that voters prefer benefits which are tied to low-skilled wages. We test the hypothesis using a 1969-1992 panel of state-level data. An additional contribution of" our analysis is the use of General Social Survey data on voter preferences for welfare which we combine with Current Population Survey data to determine the voter in each state who has the median preferred welfare benefit level. Our analysis reveals considerable evidence in support of a role for declining real wages in the decline of welfare benefits...
Published: Journal of Public Economics 68 (1998) 421-452 citation courtesy of