NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Demand Shifts, Population Adjustments, and Labor Market Outcomes during the 1980s

John Bound, Harry J. Holzer

NBER Working Paper No. 5685
Issued in July 1996
NBER Program(s):   LS

In this paper we explore the effects of labor demand shifts and population adjustments across metropolitan areas on the employment and earnings of various demographic groups during the 1980s. Results show that, although earnings and employment deteriorated for less-education and black males in most areas in the 1980s, there was a good deal of geographic variation in the magnitudes of these changes. Shifts in labor demand across local areas contributed to this variation, and had greater relative impacts on the earnings and employment of these demographic groups. We also find that popu- lation shifts across areas, presumably due to migation, at least partially offset the effects of these demand shifts. But less-education workers showed substantially lower population adjustments in response to these demand shifts. These limited supply responses apparently contributed importantly to relatively greater deterioration of employment and earnings of these groups in declining areas during the 1980s.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w5685

Published:

  • Published as "Did Criminal Activity Increase During the 1980s? Comparisons Across Data Sources," Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 78, no. 3 (September 1997): 725-739 ,
  • Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 18, no. 1, January 2000, pp. 20-54

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