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Gender Differences in the Benefits of an Influential Early Childhood Program

Jorge Luis García, James J. Heckman, Anna L. Ziff

NBER Working Paper No. 23412
Issued in May 2017, Revised in August 2018
NBER Program(s):Children, Economics of Education

This paper studies the life-cycle impacts of a widely-emulated high-quality, intensive early childhood program with long-term follow up. The program starts early in life (at 8 weeks of age) and is evaluated by an RCT. There are multiple treatment effects which we summarize through interpretable aggregates. Girls have a greater number of statistically significant treatment effects than boys and effect sizes for them are generally bigger. The source of this difference is worse home environments for girls with greater scope for improvement by the program. Fathers of sons support their families more than fathers of daughters.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w23412

Published: Jorge Luis García & James J. Heckman & Anna L. Ziff, 2018. "Gender Differences in the Benefits of an Influential Early Childhood Program," European Economic Review, .

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