NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Life-cycle Benefits of an Influential Early Childhood Program

Jorge Luis García, James J. Heckman, Duncan Ermini Leaf, María José Prados

NBER Working Paper No. 22993
Issued in December 2016
NBER Program(s):Children, Economics of Education

This paper estimates the long-term benefits from an influential early childhood program targeting disadvantaged families. The program was evaluated by random assignment and followed participants through their mid-30s. It has substantial beneficial impacts on health, children's future labor incomes, crime, education, and mothers' labor incomes, with greater monetized benefits for males. Lifetime returns are estimated by pooling multiple data sets using testable economic models. The overall rate of return is 13.7% per annum, and the benefit/cost ratio is 7.3. These estimates are robust to numerous sensitivity analyses.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w22993

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