Title IX and the Spatial Content of Female Employment--Out of the Lab and into the Labor Market

Michael Baker, Kirsten Cornelson

NBER Working Paper No. 22641
Issued in September 2016
NBER Program(s):Economics of Education, Labor Studies

Sports participation is a leading environmental explanation of the male advantage in some spatial skills. We exploit the large increase in females’ high school sports participation due to Title IX to test this hypothesis. We relate Title IX induced increases in females’ sport participation to the spatial content of their occupational employment as captured by Dictionary of Occupational Titles codes, and a test of three dimensional spatial rotation. We find little evidence that this increase in sports participation had an impact on either of these measures.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w22641

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