Department of Economics
University of Toronto
150 St. George Street
Toronto, ON M5S 3G7
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|September 2016||Title IX and the Spatial Content of Female Employment—Out of the Lab and into the Labor Market|
with Michael Baker: w22641
Sports participation is a leading environmental explanation of the male advantage in some spatial skills. We exploit the large increase in females’ high school sports participation due to Title IX to test this hypothesis. We relate Title IX induced increases in females’ sport participation to the spatial content of their occupational employment as captured by Dictionary of Occupational Titles codes, and a test of three dimensional spatial rotation. We find little evidence that this increase in sports participation had an impact on either of these measures.
|May 2016||Gender Based Occupational Segregation and Sex Differences in Sensory, Motor and Spatial Aptitudes|
with Michael Baker: w22248
Research on sex differences in humans documents gender differences in sensory, motor and spatial aptitudes. These aptitudes, as captured by Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) codes, predict the occupational choices of men and women in the directions indicated by this research. We simulate that eliminating selection on these skills reduces the Duncan index of gender based occupational segregation by 20-23 percent in 1970 and 2012. Eliminating selection on DOT variables capturing other accounts of this segregation has a smaller impact.