NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Changing Faculty Employment at Four-Year Colleges and Universities in the United States

Liang Zhang, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Xiangmin Liu

NBER Working Paper No. 21827
Issued in December 2015
NBER Program(s):ED, LS

We use panel data models to examine variations and changes over time in faculty employment at four-year colleges and universities in the United States. The share of part-time faculty among total faculty has continued to grow over the last two decades, while the share of full-time lecturers and instructors has been relatively stable. Meanwhile, the share of non-tenure track faculty among faculty with professorial ranks has been growing. Dynamic panel data models suggest that employment levels of different types of faculty respond to a variety of economic and institutional factors. Colleges and universities have increasingly employed faculty whose salaries and benefits are relatively inexpensive; the slowly deteriorating financial situations at most colleges and universities have led to an increasing reliance on a contingent academic workforce.

You may purchase this paper on-line in .pdf format from SSRN.com ($5) for electronic delivery.

Access to NBER Papers

You are eligible for a free download if you are a subscriber, a corporate associate of the NBER, a journalist, an employee of the U.S. federal government with a ".GOV" domain name, or a resident of nearly any developing country or transition economy.

If you usually get free papers at work/university but do not at home, you can either connect to your work VPN or proxy (if any) or elect to have a link to the paper emailed to your work email address below. The email address must be connected to a subscribing college, university, or other subscribing institution. Gmail and other free email addresses will not have access.

E-mail:

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w21827

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Juhn, Rubinstein, and Zuppann w21824 The Quantity-Quality Trade-off and the Formation of Cognitive and Non-cognitive Skills
Ganimian and Murnane w20284 Improving Educational Outcomes in Developing Countries: Lessons from Rigorous Impact Evaluations
Sinha, Cropper, and Caulkins w21826 Household Location Decisions and the Value of Climate Amenities
Lindo, Siminski, and Swensen w21828 College Party Culture and Sexual Assault
Clemens w21830 The Minimum Wage and the Great Recession: Evidence from the Current Population Survey
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us