NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

How Does Household Income Affect Child Personality Traits and Behaviors?

Randall Akee, Emilia Simeonova, E. Jane Costello, William Copeland

NBER Working Paper No. 21562
Issued in September 2015
NBER Program(s):   CH   HE

Existing research has investigated the effect of early childhood educational interventions on the child’s later-life outcomes. These studies have found limited impact of supplementary programs on children’s cognitive skills, but sustained effects on personality traits. We examine how a positive change in unearned household income affects children’s emotional and behavioral health and personality traits. Our results indicate that there are large beneficial effects of improved household financial wellbeing on children’s emotional and behavioral health and positive personality trait development. Moreover, we find that these effects are most pronounced for children who are lagging behind their peers in these measures before the intervention. Increasing household incomes reduce differences across adolescents with different levels of initial emotional-behavioral symptoms and personality traits. We also examine potential channels through which the increased household income may contribute to these positive changes. Parenting and relationships within the family appear to be an important mechanism. We also find evidence that a sub-sample of the population moves to census tracts with better income levels and educational attainment.

download in pdf format
   (432 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w21562

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Jones, Reedy, and Weinberg w19866 Age and Scientific Genius
Kessler and Katz w7454 Prevailing Wage Laws and Construction Labor Markets
Madrian w20318 Applying Insights from Behavioral Economics to Policy Design
Mullahy w21593 Estimation of Multivariate Probit Models via Bivariate Probit
van Kleef, McGuire, van Vliet, and van de Ven w21570 Improving Risk Equalization with Constrained Regression
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us