NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

How's Life at Home? New Evidence on Marriage and the Set Point for Happiness

John F. Helliwell, Shawn Grover

NBER Working Paper No. 20794
Issued in December 2014
NBER Program(s):Aging, Public Economics

Subjective well-being research has often found that marriage is positively correlated with well-being. Some have argued that this correlation may be result of happier people being more likely to marry. Others have presented evidence suggesting that the well-being benefits of marriage are short-lasting. Using data from the British Household Panel Survey, we control individual pre-marital well-being levels and find that the married are still more satisfied, suggesting a causal effect, even after full allowance is made for selection effects. Using new data from the United Kingdom's Annual Population Survey, we find that the married have a less deep U-shape in life satisfaction across age groups than do the unmarried, indicating that marriage may help ease the causes of the mid-life dip in life satisfaction and that the benefits of marriage are unlikely to be short-lived. We explore friendship as a mechanism which could help explain a causal relationship between marriage and life satisfaction, and find that well-being effects of marriage are about twice as large for those whose spouse is also their best friend. Finally, we use the Gallup World Poll to show that although the overall well-being effects of marriage appear to vary across cultural contexts, marriage eases the middle-age dip in life evaluations for all regions except Sub-Saharan Africa.

download in pdf format
   (1605 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w20794

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Stevenson and Wolfers w12944 Marriage and Divorce: Changes and their Driving Forces
Becker A Theory of Marriage
Cardiff-Hicks, Lafontaine, and Shaw w20313 Do Large Modern Retailers Pay Premium Wages?
Kirkebøen, Leuven, and Mogstad w20816 Field of Study, Earnings, and Self-Selection
Ramey and Zubairy w20719 Government Spending Multipliers in Good Times and in Bad: Evidence from U.S. Historical Data
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us