NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Identifying Ideology: Experimental Evidence on Anti-Americanism in Pakistan

Leonardo Bursztyn, Michael Callen, Bruno Ferman, Saad Gulzar, Ali Hasanain, Noam Yuchtman

NBER Working Paper No. 20153
Issued in May 2014, Revised in February 2016
NBER Program(s):DEV, POL

Identifying the role of intrinsic, ideological motivation in political behavior is confounded by agents' consequential aims and social concerns. We present results from two experiments that implement a methodology isolating Pakistani men's intrinsic motives for expressing anti-American ideology, in a context with clearly-specified financial costs, but minimal consequential or social considerations. Over one-quarter of subjects forgo around one-fifth of a day's wage to avoid anonymously checking a box indicating gratitude toward the U.S. government, thus revealing anti-Americanism. We find that ideological expression responds to financial and social incentives, and that measured ideology predicts membership in a major anti-American political party.

download in pdf format
   (2378 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w20153

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Banerjee, Meng, Porzio, and Qian w20050 Aggregate Fertility and Household Savings: A General Equilibrium Analysis using Micro Data
Voigtländer and Voth w20150 Highway to Hitler
Dinlersoz, Greenwood, and Hyatt w20151 Who do Unions Target? Unionization over the Life-Cycle of U.S. Businesses
Cantoni and Yuchtman w17979 Medieval Universities, Legal Institutions, and the Commercial Revolution
Bursztyn, Ederer, Ferman, and Yuchtman w18241 Understanding Peer Effects in Financial Decisions: Evidence from a Field Experiment
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us