NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Political Reservations and Women's Entrepreneurship in India

Ejaz Ghani, William R. Kerr, Stephen D. O'Connell

NBER Working Paper No. 19868
Issued in January 2014
NBER Program(s):Development Economics, Labor Studies, Public Economics, Political Economy, Productivity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship

We quantify the link between the timing of state-level implementations of political reservations for women in India with the role of women in India's manufacturing sector. While overall employment of women in manufacturing does not increase after the reforms, we find significant evidence that more women-owned establishments were created in the unorganized/informal sector. These new establishments were concentrated in industries where women entrepreneurs have been traditionally active and the entry was mainly found among household-based establishments. We measure and discuss the extent to which this heightened entrepreneurship is due to channels like greater finance access or heightened inspiration for women entrepreneurs.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w19868

Published: Ghani, Ejaz & Kerr, William R. & O'Connell, Stephen D., 2014. "Political reservations and women's entrepreneurship in India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 138-153. citation courtesy of

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