The Effect of College Education on Health
NBER Working Paper No. 19222
Issued in July 2013
NBER Program(s):Economics of Education, Health Economics, Labor Studies, Public Economics
We exploit exogenous variation in college completion induced by draft-avoidance behavior during the Vietnam War to examine the impact of college completion on adult mortality. Our preferred estimates imply that increasing college completion rates from the level of the state with the lowest induced rate to the highest would decrease cumulative mortality by 28 percent relative to the mean. Most of the reduction in mortality is from deaths due to cancer and heart disease. We also explore potential mechanisms, including differential earnings, health insurance, and health behaviors, using data from the Census, ACS, and NHIS.
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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w19222
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