Exporting and Plant-Level Efficiency Gains: It's in the Measure
---- Acknowledgements ----
We would like to thank Roberto Álvarez, Andrew Atkeson, Nick Bloom, Johannes van Biesebroeck, Joaquin Blaum, Ariel Burstein, Leonardo Bursztyn, Lorenzo Caliendo, Donald Davis, Jan De Loecker, Gilles Duranton, Eduardo E. Engel, Juan Carlos Hallak, Amit Khandelwal, Edward Leamer, Steve Redding, Ariell Reshef, Andrés Rodríguez-Clare, Veronica Rappoport, John Ries, Aaron Tornell, Eric Verhoogen, Romain Wacziarg, and Pierre-Olivier Weill, as well as seminar audiences at Columbia, CREI, the FREIT Conference in Virginia, KU Leuven, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Princeton, RMET Conference, TIGN Conference, UCLA, and Universidad de Chile for helpful comments and suggestions. Claudio Bravo-Ortega and Lucas Navarro kindly shared data to complement our Chilean plant-product panel. The views expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.