Quality of Life, Firm Productivity, and the Value of Amenities across Canadian Cities
We present hedonic general-equilibrium estimates of quality-of-life and productivity differences across Canada’s metropolitan areas. These are based off of the estimated willingness-to-pay of heterogeneous households and firms to locate in various cities, which differ in their wage levels, housing costs, and land values. Using 2006 Canadian Census data, our metropolitan quality-of-life estimates are somewhat consistent with popular rankings, but find Canadians care more about climate and culture. Quality-of-life is highest in Victoria for Anglophones, Montreal for Francophones, and Vancouver for Allophones, and lowest in more remote cities. Toronto is Canada’s most productive city; Vancouver is the overall most valuable city.
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