NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Care or Cash? The Effect of Child Care Subsidies on Student Performance

Sandra E. Black, Paul J. Devereux, Katrine V. Løken, Kjell G. Salvanes

NBER Working Paper No. 18086
Issued in May 2012
NBER Program(s):Children, Economics of Education, Labor Studies

Given the wide use of childcare subsidies across countries, it is surprising how little we know about the effect of these subsidies on children's longer run outcomes. Using a sharp discontinuity in the price of childcare in Norway, we are able to isolate the effects of childcare subsidies on both parental and student outcomes. We find very small and statistically insignificant effects of childcare subsidies on childcare utilization and parental labor force participation. Despite this, we find significant positive effect of the subsidies on children's academic performance in junior high school, suggesting the positive shock to disposable income provided by the subsidies may be helping to improve children's scholastic aptitude.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w18086

Cash or Care? The Effect of Childcare Subsidies on Academic Outcomes, (Joint with Paul Devereux, Katrine Loken, and Kjell Salvanes.) Review of Economics and Statistics, forthcoming. citation courtesy of

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