Katrine V. Løken
Department of Economics
University of Bergen
5020 Bergen, Norway
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|September 2016||Incarceration, Recidivism and Employment|
with Manudeep Bhuller, Gordon B. Dahl, Magne Mogstad: w22648
Understanding whether, and in what situations, time spent in prison is criminogenic or preventive has proven challenging due to data availability and correlated unobservables. This paper overcomes these challenges in the context of Norway’s criminal justice system, offering new insights into how incarceration affects subsequent crime and employment. We construct a panel dataset containing the criminal behavior and labor market outcomes of the entire population, and exploit the random assignment of criminal cases to judges who differ systematically in their stringency in sentencing defendants to prison. Using judge stringency as an instrumental variable, we find that imprisonment discourages further criminal behavior, and that the reduction extends beyond incapacitation. Incarceration decre...
|October 2013||What Is the Case for Paid Maternity Leave?|
with Gordon B. Dahl, Magne Mogstad, Kari Vea Salvanes: w19595
Paid maternity leave has gained greater salience in the past few decades as mothers have increasingly entered the workforce. Indeed, the median number of weeks of paid leave to mothers among OECD countries was 14 in 1980, but had risen to 42 by 2011. We assess the case for paid maternity leave, focusing on parents' responses to a series of policy reforms in Norway which expanded paid leave from 18 to 35 weeks (without changing the length of job protection). Our first empirical result is that none of the reforms seem to crowd out unpaid leave. Each reform increases the amount of time spent at home versus work by roughly the increased number of weeks allowed. Since income replacement was 100% for most women, the reforms caused an increase in mother's time spent at home after birth, without a...
- "What is the Case for Paid Maternity Leave?" (with Katrine Løken, University of Bergen, Magne Mogstad, University of Chicago, and Kari Vea Salvanes, University of Oslo), Review of Economics and Statistics, forthcoming.
- Gordon B. Dahl & Katrine V. Løken & Magne Mogstad & Kari Vea Salvanes, 2016. "What Is the Case for Paid Maternity Leave?," Review of Economics and Statistics, vol 98(4), pages 655-670. citation courtesy of
|June 2012||Peer Effects in Program Participation|
with Gordon B. Dahl, Magne Mogstad: w18198
The influence of peers could play an important role in the take up of social programs. However, estimating peer effects has proven challenging given the problems of reflection, correlated unobservables, and endogenous group membership. We overcome these identification issues in the context of paid paternity leave in Norway using a regression discontinuity design. In an attempt to promote gender equality, a reform made fathers of children born after April 1, 1993 in Norway eligible for one month of governmental paid paternity leave. Fathers of children born before this cutoff were not eligible. There is a sharp increase in fathers taking paternity leave immediately after the reform, with take up rising from 3% to 35%. While this quasi-random variation changed the cost of paternity leave for...
Published: Gordon B. Dahl & Katrine V. L?ken & Magne Mogstad, 2014. "Peer Effects in Program Participation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 104(7), pages 2049-74, July. citation courtesy of
|May 2012||Care or Cash? The Effect of Child Care Subsidies on Student Performance|
with Sandra E. Black, Paul J. Devereux, Kjell G. Salvanes: w18086
Given the wide use of childcare subsidies across countries, it is surprising how little we know about the effect of these subsidies on children's longer run outcomes. Using a sharp discontinuity in the price of childcare in Norway, we are able to isolate the effects of childcare subsidies on both parental and student outcomes. We find very small and statistically insignificant effects of childcare subsidies on childcare utilization and parental labor force participation. Despite this, we find significant positive effect of the subsidies on children's academic performance in junior high school, suggesting the positive shock to disposable income provided by the subsidies may be helping to improve children's scholastic aptitude.
Cash or Care? The Effect of Childcare Subsidies on Academic Outcomes, (Joint with Paul Devereux, Katrine Loken, and Kjell Salvanes.) Review of Economics and Statistics, forthcoming. citation courtesy of