NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

China's Financial System: Opportunities and Challenges

Franklin Allen, Jun "QJ" Qian, Chenying Zhang, Mengxin Zhao

NBER Working Paper No. 17828
Issued in February 2012
NBER Program(s):   CF

We provide a comprehensive review of China's financial system, and explore directions of future development. First, the financial system has been dominated by a large banking sector. In recent years banks have made considerable progress in reducing the amount of non-performing loans and improving their efficiency. Second, the role of the stock market in allocating resources in the economy has been limited and ineffective. We discuss issues related to the further development of China's stock market and other financial markets. Third, the most successful part of the financial system, in terms of supporting the growth of the overall economy, is a non-standard sector that consists of alternative financing channels, governance mechanisms, and institutions. The co-existence of this sector with banks and markets can continue to support the growth of the Hybrid Sector (non-state, non-listed firms). Finally, among the policies that will help to sustain stable economic growth in China are those that reduce the likelihood of damaging financial crises, including a banking sector crisis, a real estate or stock market crash, and a "twin crisis" in the currency market and banking sector.

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This paper was revised on April 4, 2012

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w17828

Published: China's Financial System: Opportunities and Challenges, Franklin Allen, Jun "QJ" Qian, Chenying Zhang, Mengxin Zhao. in Capitalizing China, Fan and Morck. 2013

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