NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Vertical versus Horizontal Incentives in Education: Evidence from Randomized Trials

Roland G. Fryer, Jr, Tanaya Devi, Richard T. Holden

NBER Working Paper No. 17752
Issued in January 2012, Revised in October 2017

---- Acknowledgements ----

This paper has been previously circulated as "Aligning Student, Parent, and Teacher Incentives: Evidence from Houston Public Schools" and "Multitasking, Learning, and Incentives: A Cautionary Tale." Special thanks to Terry Grier, Kaya Henderson, and Michelle Rhee for their support and leadership during these experiments. We are grateful to Philippe Aghion, Will Dobbie, Bob Gibbons, Oliver Hart, Bengt Holmstrom, Lawrence Katz, Steven Levitt, Derek Neal, Suraj Prasad, Andrei Shleifer, John van Reenen, and seminar participants at the 7th Australasian Organizational Economics Workshop, Chicago Booth and the Harvard/MIT applied theory seminar for helpful comments and suggestions. The editor and three anonymous referees provided detailed comments that greatly improved the paper. Brad Allan, Matt Davis, Blake Heller, and Hannah Ruebeck provided exceptional research assistance, project management and implementation support. Financial support from the Broad Foundation, District of Columbia Public Schools, and the Liemandt Foundation is gratefully acknowledged. Holden acknowledges ARC Future Fellowship FT130101159. The views expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Bureau of Economic Research.

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