NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Roland G. Fryer, Jr

Department of Economics
Harvard University
Littauer Center 208
Cambridge, MA 02138
Tel: 617/495-9592
Fax: 617/495-8570

E-Mail: EmailAddress: hidden: you can email any NBER-related person as first underscore last at nber dot org
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NBER Program Affiliations: LS , ED
NBER Affiliation: Research Associate

NBER Working Papers and Publications

September 2017Complementary Bias: A Model of Two-Sided Statistical Discrimination
with Ashley C. Craig: w23811
High-Dosage Tutoring and Reading Achievement: Evidence from New York City
with Meghan Howard Noveck: w23792
May 2017Management and Student Achievement: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment
w23437
August 2016Charter Schools and Labor Market Outcomes
with Will S. Dobbie: w22502
July 2016An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force
w22399
April 2016The 'Pupil' Factory: Specialization and the Production of Human Capital in Schools
w22205
March 2016The Production of Human Capital in Developed Countries: Evidence from 196 Randomized Field Experiments
w22130
August 2015Parental Incentives and Early Childhood Achievement: A Field Experiment in Chicago Heights
with Steven D. Levitt, John A. List: w21477
January 2014The (Surprising) Efficacy of Academic and Behavioral Intervention with Disadvantaged Youth: Results from a Randomized Experiment in Chicago
with Philip J. Cook, Kenneth Dodge, George Farkas, Jonathan Guryan, Jens Ludwig, Susan Mayer, Harold Pollack, Laurence Steinberg: w19862
October 2013The Medium-Term Impacts of High-Achieving Charter Schools on Non-Test Score Outcomes
with Will Dobbie: w19581

Published: “The Medium-Term Impacts of High-Achieving Charter Schools,” with Roland Fryer, Journal of Political Economy, 123(5): 985-1037, 2015.

June 2013Information and Student Achievement: Evidence from a Cellular Phone Experiment
w19113
Updating Beliefs with Ambiguous Evidence: Implications for Polarization
with Philipp Harms, Matthew O. Jackson: w19114
May 2013Two-Armed Restless Bandits with Imperfect Information: Stochastic Control and Indexability
with Philipp Harms: w19043
July 2012Enhancing the Efficacy of Teacher Incentives through Loss Aversion: A Field Experiment
with Steven D. Levitt, John List, Sally Sadoff: w18237
January 2012Multitasking, Learning, and Incentives: A Cautionary Tale
with Richard T. Holden: w17752
December 2011Getting Beneath the Veil of Effective Schools: Evidence from New York City
with Will Dobbie: w17632

Published: Dobbie, Will, and Roland G. Fryer. 2013. "Getting beneath the Veil of Effective Schools: Evidence from New York City." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 5(4): 28-60.

October 2011Injecting Successful Charter School Strategies into Traditional Public Schools: A Field Experiment in Houston
w17494
September 2011Racial Disparities in Job Finding and Offered Wages
with Devah Pager, Jörg L. Spenkuch: w17462

Published: Roland G. Fryer , Jr. & Devah Pager & J�rg L. Spenkuch, 2013. "Racial Disparities in Job Finding and Offered Wages," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 56(3), pages 633 - 689. citation courtesy of

The Impact of Youth Service on Future Outcomes: Evidence from Teach For America
with Will Dobbie: w17402
August 2011Exam High Schools and Academic Achievement: Evidence from New York City
with Will Dobbie: w17286
March 2011A Roy Model of Social Interactions
with Steve Cicala, Jörg L. Spenkuch: w16880
Teacher Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from New York City Public Schools
w16850

Published: Teacher Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from New York City Public Schools Roland G. Fryer Journal of Labor Economics Vol. 31, No. 2 (April 2013), pp. 373-407 Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of the Society of Labor Economists and the NORC at the University of Chicago

January 2011Estimating the Returns to Urban Boarding Schools: Evidence from SEED
with Vilsa E. Curto: w16746

Published: The Potential of Urban Boarding Schools for the Poor: Evidence from SEED Vilsa E. Curto and Roland G. Fryer Jr. Journal of Labor Economics Vol. 32, No. 1 (January 2014), pp. 65-93

December 2010Valuing Identity
with Glenn Loury: w16568

Published: Valuing Diversity Roland G. Fryer Jr. and Glenn C. Loury Journal of Political Economy Vol. 121, No. 4 (August 2013), pp. 747-774

August 2010Racial Inequality in the 21st Century: The Declining Significance of Discrimination
w16256

Published: Handbook of Labor Economics Volume 4, Part B, 2011, Pages 855–971 Cover image Chapter 10 – Racial inequality in the 21st century: the declining significance of discrimination Fryer Roland G. Jr.1

The Importance of Segregation, Discrimination, Peer Dynamics, and Identity in Explaining Trends in the Racial Achievement Gap
w16257

Published: Handbook of Social Economics Volume 1, 2011, Pages 1165–1191 Cover image Chapter 21 – The Importance of Segregation, Discrimination, Peer Dynamics, and Identity in Explaining Trends in the Racial Achievement Gap* Roland G. Fryer Jr.

April 2010Financial Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from Randomized Trials
w15898

Published: Fryer R. Financial Incentives and Student Achievement: Evidence from Randomized Trials. Quarterly Journal of Economics. 2011.

November 2009Are High Quality Schools Enough to Close the Achievement Gap? Evidence from a Social Experiment in Harlem
with Will Dobbie: w15473

Published: Fryer R, Dobbie W. Are High-Quality Schools Enough to Increase Achievement Among the Poor? Evidence from the Harlem Children’s Zone. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics. . 2011;3(3).

October 2009An Empirical Analysis of the Gender Gap in Mathematics
with Steven D. Levitt: w15430

Published: Roland G. Fryer & Steven D. Levitt, 2010. "An Empirical Analysis of the Gender Gap in Mathematics," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 2(2), pages 210-40, April. citation courtesy of

July 2008The Plight of Mixed Race Adolescents
with Lisa Kahn, Steven D. Levitt, Jörg L. Spenkuch: w14192

Published: Roland G. Fryer Jr. & Lisa Kahn & Steven D. Levitt & Jörg L. Spenkuch, 2012. "The Plight of Mixed-Race Adolescents," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 94(3), pages 621-634, August. citation courtesy of

October 2007Measuring the Compactness of Political Districting Plans
with Richard T. Holden: w13456

Published: Roland G. Fryer Jr. & Richard Holden, 2011. "Measuring the Compactness of Political Districting Plans," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(3), pages 493 - 535. citation courtesy of

September 2007Hatred and Profits: Getting Under the Hood of the Ku Klux Klan
with Steven D. Levitt: w13417

Published: The Quarterly Journal of Economics (2012) doi: 10.1093/qje/qjs028 First published online: August 30, 2012

April 2007The Causes and Consequences of Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities
with Michael Greenstone: w13036

Published: Fryer, Roland and Michael Greenstone. "The Changing Consequences of Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 2, 1 (2010): 116-48.

July 2006A Model of Social Interactions and Endogenous Poverty Traps
w12364
April 2006Belief Flipping in a Dynamic Model of Statistical Discrimination
w12174

Published: Fryer, Ronald G. Jr. "Belief flipping in a dynamic model of statistical discrimination." Journal of Public Economics 91, 5-6 (June 2007): 1151-1166.

March 2006Testing for Racial Differences in the Mental Ability of Young Children
with Steven D. Levitt: w12066

Published: Roland G Fryer & Steven D Levitt, 2013. "Testing for Racial Differences in the Mental Ability of Young Children," American Economic Review, vol 103(2), pages 981-1005. citation courtesy of

July 2005Affirmative Action and Its Mythology
with Glenn C. Loury: w11464

Published: Fryer, Roland G., Jr. and Glenn C. Loury. "Affirmative Action and Its Mythology," Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2005, v19(3,Summer), 147-162. citation courtesy of

May 2005An Empirical Analysis of 'Acting White'
with Paul Torelli: w11334
Measuring the Impact of Crack Cocaine
with Paul S. Heaton, Steven D. Levitt, Kevin M. Murphy: w11318

Published: ROLAND G. FRYER & PAUL S. HEATON & STEVEN D. LEVITT & KEVIN M. MURPHY, 2013. "MEASURING CRACK COCAINE AND ITS IMPACT," Economic Inquiry, vol 51(3), pages 1651-1681.

April 2005On the Measurement of Segregation
with Federico Echenique: w11258
January 2005The Black-White Test Score Gap Through Third Grade
with Steven D. Levitt: w11049

Published: Roland G. Fryer & Steven D. Levitt, 2006. "The Black-White Test Score Gap Through Third Grade," American Law and Economics Review, Oxford University Press, vol. 8(2), pages 249-281. citation courtesy of

November 2003Categorical Redistribution in Winner-Take-All Markets
with Glenn C. Loury: w10104
Color-Blind Affirmative Action
with Glenn C. Loury, Tolga Yuret: w10103

Published: Fryer, Roland G., Jr., Glenn C. Loury, and Tolga Yuret. "An Economic Analysis of Color-Blind Affirmative Action." Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization 24, 2 (October 2008): 319-55.

September 2003The Causes and Consequences of Distinctively Black Names
with Steven D. Levitt: w9938

Published: Roland G. Fryer & Steven D. Levitt, 2004. "The Causes and Consequences of Distinctively Black Names," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 119(3), pages 767-805, August. citation courtesy of

August 2003The Economics of 'Acting White'
with David Austen-Smith: w9904

Published: Fryer, R. and D. Austen-Smith. “An Economic Analysis of ‘Acting White’." The Quarterly Journal of Economics (May 2005).

March 2003Categorical Cognition: A Psychological Model of Categories and Identification in Decision Making
with Matthew O. Jackson: w9579

Published: Fryer, Ronald and M. Jackson. “Categorical Cognition: A Psychological Model of Categories and Identification in Decision Making: An Extended Abstract." Proceedings of the 9th conference on Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge (2003): 29-34.

June 2002Understanding the Black-White Test Score Gap in the First Two Years of School
with Steven D. Levitt: w8975

Published: Roland G. Fryer & Steven D. Levitt, 2004. "Understanding the Black-White Test Score Gap in the First Two Years of School," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 86(2), pages 447-464, 06. citation courtesy of

 
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