NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Six Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy

Don Fullerton

NBER Working Paper No. 16703
Issued in January 2011
NBER Program(s):   EEE   PE

While prior literature has identified various effects of environmental policy, this note uses the example of a proposed carbon permit system to illustrate and discuss six different types of distributional effects: (1) higher prices of carbon-intensive products, (2) changes in relative returns to factors like labor, capital, and resources, (3) allocation of scarcity rents from a restricted number of permits, (4) distribution of the benefits from improvements in environmental quality, (5) temporary effects during the transition, and (6) capitalization of all those effects into prices of land, corporate stock, or house values. The note also discusses whether all six effects could be regressive, that is, whether carbon policy could place disproportionate burden on the poor.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w16703

Published: Don Fullerton. "Six Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy" Risk Analysis (2011). Volume 31, Issue 6

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