NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Americanization of European Higher Education and Research

Lex Borghans, Frank Cörvers

NBER Working Paper No. 15217
Issued in August 2009
NBER Program(s):   ED

Over the past two decades there has been a substantial increase in the mobility of students in Europe, while also research has become much more internationally oriented. In this paper we document changes in the structure of research and higher education in Europe and investigate potential explanations for the strong increase in its international orientation. While higher education started to grow substantially around 1960, only a few decades later, research and higher education transformed gradually to the American standard. Decreased communication costs are likely causes for this trend. This transformation is most clearly revealed in the change of language used in research from the national language, Latin, German and French to English. Smaller language areas made this transformation earlier while there are also clear timing differences between research fields. Sciences and medicine tend to switch to English first, followed by economics and social sciences, while for law and arts only the first signs of such a transformation are currently observed. This suggests that returns to scale and the transferability of research results are important influences in the decision to adopt the international standard.

download in pdf format
   (264 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (264 K) or via email.

Acknowledgments

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w15217

Published: The Americanization of European Higher Education and Research , Lex Borghans, Frank Cörvers. in American Universities in a Global Market, Clotfelter. 2010

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Remler and Pema w14974 Why do Institutions of Higher Education Reward Research While Selling Education?
Adams w15233 Is the U.S. Losing Its Preeminence in Higher Education?
Freeman w14962 What Does Global Expansion of Higher Education Mean for the US?
Aghion, Dewatripont, Hoxby, Mas-Colell, and Sapir w14851 The Governance and Performance of Research Universities: Evidence from Europe and the U.S.
Borghans and Cörvers The Americanization of European Higher Education and Research
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us