NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Frank Cörvers

Frank Cörvers
ROA
Maastricht University
PO Box 616
NL-6200 MD Maastricht
The Netherlands
Tel: 31-43-3883647
Fax: 31-43-3884914

E-Mail: frank.corvers@maastrichtuniverity.nl

NBER Working Papers and Publications

May 2010The Americanization of European Higher Education and Research
with Lex Borghans
in American Universities in a Global Market, Charles T. Clotfelter, editor
August 2009The Americanization of European Higher Education and Research
with Lex Borghans: w15217
Over the past two decades there has been a substantial increase in the mobility of students in Europe, while also research has become much more internationally oriented. In this paper we document changes in the structure of research and higher education in Europe and investigate potential explanations for the strong increase in its international orientation. While higher education started to grow substantially around 1960, only a few decades later, research and higher education transformed gradually to the American standard. Decreased communication costs are likely causes for this trend. This transformation is most clearly revealed in the change of language used in research from the national language, Latin, German and French to English. Smaller language areas made this transformation earl...

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