NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Endogenous Cost-Effectiveness Analysis in Health Care Technology Adoption

Anupam Jena, Tomas Philipson

NBER Working Paper No. 15032
Issued in June 2009
NBER Program(s):   AG   HC   HE

Increased health care spending has been argued to be largely due to technological change. Cost-effectiveness analysis is the main tool used by private and public third-party payers to prioritize adoption of the new technologies responsible for this growth. However, such analysis by payers invariably reflects prices set by producers rather than resources used to produce treatments. This implies that the “costs” in cost-effectiveness assessments depend on endogenous markups which are, in turn, influenced by demand factors of patients, doctors, and payers. Reimbursement policy based on endogenous cost-effectiveness levels may therefore bear little relationship to efficient use of scarce medical resources. Using data on technology appraisals in the United Kingdom, we test for conditions under which adoption based on endogenous cost-effectiveness may lead to adoption of more inefficient treatments in terms of resource use.

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This paper was revised on December 5, 2011

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w15032

Published: Journal of Health Economics Volume 32, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 172–180 Cover image Endogenous cost-effectiveness analysis and health care technology adoption ☆ Anupam B. Jenaa, Tomas J. Philipsonb,

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