NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The Price of Political Opposition: Evidence from Venezuela's Maisanta

Chang-Tai Hsieh, Edward Miguel, Daniel Ortega, Francisco Rodriguez

NBER Working Paper No. 14923
Issued in April 2009
NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Labor Studies, Public Economics, Political Economy

In 2004, the Chávez regime in Venezuela distributed the list of several million voters whom had attempted to remove him from office throughout the government bureaucracy, allegedly to identify and punish these voters. We match the list of petition signers distributed by the government to household survey respondents to measure the economic effects of being identified as a Chavez political opponent. We find that voters who were identified as Chavez opponents experienced a 5 percent drop in earnings and a 1.5 percentage point drop in employment rates after the voter list was released. A back-of-the-envelope calculation suggests that the loss aggregate TFP from the misallocation of workers across jobs was substantial, on the order of 3 percent of GDP.

download in pdf format
   (397 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w14923

Published: Hsieh, Chang-Tai, Edward Miguel, Daniel Ortega, and Francisco Rodriguez. 2011. "The Price of Political Opposition: Evidence from Venezuela's Maisanta." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 3(2): 196-214. DOI: 10.1257/app.3.2.196 citation courtesy of

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Reinhart and Santos w21333 From Financial Repression to External Distress: The Case of Venezuela
Manacorda, Miguel, and Vigorito w14702 Government Transfers and Political Support
Finan and Schechter w17411 Vote-Buying and Reciprocity
Campbell w12149 Household Finance
Knight and Tribin w22055 The Limits of Propaganda: Evidence from Chavez's Venezuela
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Themes
Data
People
About

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us