Agricultural Trade Reform and Rural Prosperity: Lessons from China
NBER Working Paper No. 13958
Tariffs on agricultural products fell sharply in China both prior to, and as a consequence of, China's accession to the WTO. The paper examines the nature of agricultural trade reform in China since 1981, and finds that protection was quite strongly negative for most commodities, and particularly for exported goods, at the beginning of the reforms. Since then, the taxation of agriculture has declined sharply, with the abolition of production quotas and procurement pricing, and reductions in trade distortions for both imported and exported goods. Rural well-being has improved partly because of these reforms, and also because of strengthening of markets, public investment in infrastructure, research and development, health and education, and reductions in barriers to mobility of labor out of agriculture. Many challenges remain in improving rural incomes and reducing rural poverty.
Published: Agricultural Trade Reform and Rural Prosperity: Lessons from China, Jikun Huang, Yu Liu, Will Martin, Scott Rozelle, in China's Growing Role in World Trade (2010), University of Chicago Press