NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Estimation of a Simultaneous Model of Married Women's Labor Force Participation and Fertility in Urban Japan

Tadashi Yamada, Tetsuji Yamada

NBER Working Paper No. 1362
Issued in June 1984
NBER Program(s):   HE

A strong and negative correlation between married women's labor force participation and fertility has been witnessed in Japan in past decades. Relative to empirical studies of a traditional single equation on female labor supply, there exist few econometric studies dealing explicitly witha possible interdependency between married women's labor supply and fertility behaviors in urban Japan. Using the recently published 1980 Population Census of Japan, we have estimated a simultaneous-equation model of married women's labor force participation and fertility in urban Japan. Our model shows very satisfactory results to explain the negative correlation between those variables based on a method of 2SLS. Estimated labor supply elasticities for married women with respect to their fertility rates, wife's labor earnings, and male labor earnings are -0.67, 0.23, and -1.76 at the sample means, respectively. On the other hand, estimated elasticities of fertility with respect to married women's labor force participation and family income are -0.31 and 0.23, respectively. We find some of these elasticities for Japanese married women very comparable to those of married women in the United States.

download in pdf format
   (280 K)

email paper

The NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health provides summaries of publications like this.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Bulletin on Aging and Health by email.

This paper is available as PDF (280 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w1362

Published: "Fertility and Labor Force Participation of Married Women: An Empirical Evidence from the 1980 Population Census of Japan," Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance (formerly Quarterly Review of Economics and Business), Vol.26, No.2, Summer 1986, pp.35-46

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Yamada and Yamada w1474 Part-time Employment of Married Women and Fertility in Urban Japan
Bloom, Canning, Fink, and Finlay w13583 Fertility, Female Labor Force Participation, and the Demographic Dividend
Mincer Labor Force Participation of Married Women: A Study of Labor Supply
Yamada and Yamada w1608 Part-Time Work vs. Full-Time Work of Married Women in Japan
Ogura What Went Wrong with the 1991–92 Official Population Projection of Japan?
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us