To Segregate or to Integrate: Education Politics and Democracy

David de la Croix, Matthias Doepke

NBER Working Paper No. 13319
Issued in August 2007
NBER Program(s):Economics of Education, Economic Fluctuations and Growth, Political Economy

The governments of nearly all countries are major providers of primary and secondary education to their citizens. In some countries, however, public schools coexist with private schools, while in others the government is the sole provider of education. In this study, we ask why different societies make different choices regarding the mix of private and public schooling. We develop a theory which integrates private education and fertility decisions with voting on public schooling expenditures. In a given political environment, high income inequality leads to more private education, as rich people opt out of the public system. More private education, in turn, results in an improved quality of public education, because public spending can be concentrated on fewer students. Comparing across political systems, we find that concentration of political power can lead to multiple equilibria in the determination of public education spending. The main predictions of the theory are consistent with state-level and micro data from the United States as well as cross-country evidence from the PISA study.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w13319

Published: David De La Croix & Matthias Doepke, 2009. "To Segregate or to Integrate: Education Politics and Democracy," Review of Economic Studies, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 76(2), pages 597-628, 04. citation courtesy of

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