David de la Croix
IRES - Université catholique de Louvain
Place Montesquieu 3
B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Information about this author at RePEc
NBER Working Papers and Publications
|March 2016||Clans, Guilds, and Markets: Apprenticeship Institutions and Growth in the Pre-Industrial Economy|
with Matthias Doepke, Joel Mokyr: w22131
In the centuries leading up to the Industrial Revolution, Western Europe gradually pulled ahead of other world regions in terms of technological creativity, population growth, and income per capita. We argue that superior institutions for the creation and dissemination of productive knowledge help explain the European advantage. We build a model of technological progress in a pre-industrial economy that emphasizes the person-to-person transmission of tacit knowledge. The young learn as apprentices from the old. Institutions such as the family, the clan, the guild, and the market organize who learns from whom. We argue that medieval European institutions such as guilds, and specific features such as journeymanship, can explain the rise of Europe relative to regions that relied on the transm...
|August 2007||To Segregate or to Integrate: Education Politics and Democracy|
with Matthias Doepke: w13319
The governments of nearly all countries are major providers of primary and secondary education to their citizens. In some countries, however, public schools coexist with private schools, while in others the government is the sole provider of education. In this study, we ask why different societies make different choices regarding the mix of private and public schooling. We develop a theory which integrates private education and fertility decisions with voting on public schooling expenditures. In a given political environment, high income inequality leads to more private education, as rich people opt out of the public system. More private education, in turn, results in an improved quality of public education, because public spending can be concentrated on fewer students. Comparing across po...
Published: David De La Croix & Matthias Doepke, 2009. "To Segregate or to Integrate: Education Politics and Democracy," Review of Economic Studies, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 76(2), pages 597-628, 04. citation courtesy of