NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

We Can Work It Out - The Globalisation of ICT-enabled Services

Desiree van Welsum, Xavier Reif

NBER Working Paper No. 12799
Issued in December 2006
NBER Program(s):   ITI   LS

This paper examines the relationship between the share of employment potentially affected by offshoring and economic and structural factors, including trade in business services and foreign direct investment (FDI), using simple descriptive regressions for a panel of OECD economies between 1996 and 2003. It tests whether there are differences in the factors driving the shares of potentially offshorable "non-clerical" and clerical occupations in total employment. The results show a positive statistical association between the share of both "non-clerical" and clerical occupations potentially affected by offshoring and exports of business services, and a negative association with imports of business services. However, the results also show important differences between different types of occupations as they behave differently over time, and are affected differently by variables included in the model. In particular, net outward manufacturing FDI, ICT investment, and the relative size of the services sector all have a positive association with the share of potentially offshorable "non-clerical" occupations, but are negative with clerical occupations. Union density has a positive statistical association with clerical occupations but negative with "non-clerical" occupations. These results have important implications for policy, as they clearly suggest that different factors are driving the performance of different occupational groups.

download in pdf format
   (181 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (181 K) or via email.

Acknowledgments

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w12799

Published: DesireƩ van Welsum & Xavier Reif, 2009. "We Can Work It Out: The Globalization of ICT-Enabled Services," NBER Chapters, in: International Trade in Services and Intangibles in the Era of Globalization National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Liu and Trefler w14061 Much Ado About Nothing: American Jobs and the Rise of Service Outsourcing to China and India
Chinn and Fairlie w12382 ICT Use in the Developing World: An Analysis of Differences in Computer and Internet Penetration
Hall, Lotti, and Mairesse w18053 Evidence on the Impact of R&D and ICT Investment on Innovation and Productivity in Italian Firms
Amiti and Wei w10808 Fear of Service Outsourcing: Is It Justified?
Michaels, Natraj, and Van Reenen w16138 Has ICT Polarized Skill Demand? Evidence from Eleven Countries over 25 years
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us