NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Gravity for Dummies and Dummies for Gravity Equations

Richard Baldwin, Daria Taglioni

NBER Working Paper No. 12516
Issued in September 2006
NBER Program(s):   IFM   ITI

This paper provides a minimalist derivation of the gravity equation and uses it to identify three common errors in the literature, what we call the gold, silver and bronze medal errors. The paper provides estimates of the size of the biases taking the currency union trade effect as an example. We generalize Anderson-Van Wincoop's multilateral trade resistance factor (which only works with cross section data) to allow for panel data and then show that it can be dealt with using time-varying country dummies with omitted determinants of bilateral trade being dealt with by time-invariant pair dummies.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w12516

Published: "Trade effects of the euro: A comparison of estimators”, with Daria Taglioni, Journal of Economic Integration, 22(4), December, pp 780–818. 2007. Circulated as “Gravity for dummies and dummies for gravity equations” CEPR DP5850, and NBER WP 12516. 2007.

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