The Effects of Wal-Mart on Local Labor Markets
---- Acknowledgements -----
We are grateful to Ron Baiman, Emek Basker, Marianne Bitler, Jan Bruckner, Eric Brunner, Colin Cameron, Wayne Gray, Judy Hellerstein, Hilary Hoynes, Chris Jepsen, Giovanni Peri, Howard Shatz, Betsey Stevenson, Brandon Wall, Jeff Wooldridge, two anonymous referees, and seminar participants at Brookings, Clark, Cornell, HKU, IZA, PPIC, Stanford, UQAM, UC-Davis, UC-Irvine, UC-Riverside, UC-San Diego, UConn, and USC for helpful comments. We are also grateful to Wal-Mart for providing data on store locations and opening dates, and to Emek Basker for providing her Wal-Mart data set and other code; any requests for Wal-Mart data have to be directed to them. Despite Wal-Mart having supplied some of the data used in this study, the company has provided no support for this research, and had no role in editing or influencing the research as a condition of providing these data. The views expressed are those of the authors, and not those of Wal-Mart or the NBER. This is a revised version of a preliminary draft presented at the Wal-Mart Economic Impact Research Conference, Washington, DC, November 2005.