From Education to Democracy?
The conventional wisdom views high levels of education as a prerequisite for democracy. This paper shows that existing evidence for this view is based on cross-sectional correlations, which disappear once we look at within-country variation. In other words, there is no evidence that countries that increase their education are more likely to become democratic.
Published: Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson, James A. Robinson and Pierre Yared. "From Education To Democracy?," American Economic Review, 2005, v95(2,May), 44-49.