NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Does Food Aid Harm the Poor? Household Evidence from Ethiopia

James Levinsohn, Margaret McMillan

NBER Working Paper No. 11048
Issued in January 2005
NBER Program(s):   ITI

This paper uses household-level data from Ethiopia to investigate the impact of food aid on the poor. We find that food aid in Ethiopia is "pro-poor." Our results indicate that (i) net buyers of wheat are poorer than net sellers of wheat, (ii) there are more buyers of wheat than sellers of wheat at all levels of income, (iii) the proportion of net sellers is increasing in living standards and (iv) net benefit ratios are higher for poorer households indicating that poorer households benefit proportionately more from a drop in the price of wheat. In light of this evidence, it appears that households at all levels of income benefit from food aid and that - somewhat surprisingly - the benefits go disproportionately to the poorest households.

download in pdf format
   (346 K)

email paper

A non-technical summary of this paper is available in the March 2005 NBER digest.  You can sign up to receive the NBER Digest by email.

This paper is available as PDF (346 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w11048

Published: Does Food Aid Harm the Poor? Household Evidence from Ethiopia, James Levinsohn, Margaret McMillan. in Globalization and Poverty, Harrison. 2007

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Levinsohn and McMillan Does Food Aid Harm the Poor? Household Evidence from Ethiopia
Nunn and Qian w16610 The Determinants of Food Aid Provisions to Africa and the Developing World
Currie and Gahvari w13557 Transfers in Cash and In Kind: Theory Meets the Data
Bhattacharya, Haider, and Currie w9003 Food Insecurity or Poverty? Measuring Need-Related Dietary Adequacy
Harrison Globalization and Poverty: An Introduction
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us