Consumption Commitments and Habit Formation
We analyze the implications of household-level adjustment costs for the dynamics of aggregate consumption. We show that an economy in which agents have "consumption commitments" is approximately equivalent to a habit formation model in which the habit stock is a weighted average of past consumption if idiosyncratic risk is large relative to aggregate risk. Consumption commitments can thus explain the empirical regularity that consumption is excessively sensitive and excessively smooth, findings that are typically attributed to habit formation. Unlike habit formation and other theories, but consistent with empirical evidence, the consumption commitments model predicts that excess sensitivity and smoothness vanish for large shocks. These results suggest that behavior previously attributed to habit formation may be better explained by adjustment costs. We develop additional testable predictions to further distinguish the commitment and habit models and show that the two models have different welfare implications despite generating similar aggregate consumption patterns in many environments.
This paper was revised on October 16, 2014
Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w10970
Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these: