NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

NBER Papers in JEL Code L3: Nonprofit Organizations and Public Enterprise

2017
w23131 Cory Capps
Dennis W. Carlton
Guy David

Antitrust Treatment of Nonprofits: Should Hospitals Receive Special Care?
2016
w22826 Carrie Colla
Julie Bynum
Andrea Austin
Jonathan Skinner

Hospital Competition, Quality, and Expenditures in the U.S. Medicare Population
w22810 Suyoun Han
Morris M. Kleiner

Analyzing the Influence of Occupational Licensing Duration on Labor Market Outcomes
w22744 Shane Greenstein
Yuan Gu
Feng Zhu

Ideological Segregation among Online Collaborators: Evidence from Wikipedians
w22503 Frank A. Wolak
Designing Nonlinear Price Schedules for Urban Water Utilities to Balance Revenue and Conservation Goals
w22220 Mark J. McCabe
Christopher M. Snyder

Open Access as a Crude Solution to a Hold-up Problem in the Two-Sided Market for Academic Journals
2015
w21648 Suhui Li
Avi Dor
Jesse M. Pines
Mark S. Zocchi
Renee Y. Hsia

Private Safety-Net Clinics: Effects of Financial Pressures and Community Characteristics on Closures
w21650 Mark Duggan
Jonathan Gruber
Boris Vabson

The Efficiency Consequences of Health Care Privatization: Evidence from Medicare Advantage Exits
w21254 Jacob T. Levy
Corps Intermédiaires, Civil Society, and the Art of Association
w21143 Bralind Kiri
Nicola Lacetera
Lorenzo Zirulia

Above a Swamp: A Theory of High-Quality Scientific Production
w21088 Fan Fei
James R. Hines Jr.
Jill R. Horwitz

Are PILOTs Property Taxes for Nonprofits?
w21066 David Yermack
Donor Governance and Financial Management in Prominent U.S. Art Museums
2014
w20818 Vilsa Curto
Liran Einav
Jonathan Levin
Jay Bhattacharya

Can Health Insurance Competition Work? Evidence from Medicare Advantage
w20499 Ann P. Bartel
Carri W. Chan
Song-Hee (Hailey) Kim

Should Hospitals Keep Their Patients Longer? The Role of Inpatient Care in Reducing Post-Discharge Mortality
w20090 Raymond Fisman
Yongxiang Wang

Corruption in Chinese Privatizations
w20047 Dean Karlan
Daniel H. Wood

The Effect of Effectiveness: Donor Response to Aid Effectiveness in a Direct Mail Fundraising Experiment
w19816 Caroline M. Hoxby
The Economics of Online Postsecondary Education: MOOCs, Nonselective Education, and Highly Selective Education
2013
w19737 Georgy Egorov
BĂ„rd Harstad

Private Politics and Public Regulation
w19634 Brett Danaher
Samita Dhanasobhon
Michael D. Smith
Rahul Telang

Understanding Media Markets in the Digital Age: Economics and Methodology
w19624 Siqi Zheng
Cong Sun
Ye Qi
Matthew E. Kahn

The Evolving Geography of China's Industrial Production: Implications for Pollution Dynamics and Urban Quality of Life
w19402 Lucie Gadenne
Monica Singhal

Decentralization in Developing Economies
w18894 Gautam Gowrisankaran
Claudio Lucarelli
Philip Schmidt-Dengler
Robert Town

Can Amputation Save the Hospital? The Impact of the Medicare Rural Flexibility Program on Demand and Welfare
w18875 Gautam Gowrisankaran
Aviv Nevo
Robert Town

Mergers When Prices are Negotiated: Evidence from the Hospital Industry
w18875 Gautam Gowrisankaran
Aviv Nevo
Robert Town

Mergers When Prices are Negotiated: Evidence from the Hospital Industry
w18729 Yuyu Chen
Ginger Zhe Jin
Naresh Kumar
Guang Shi

Gaming in Air Pollution Data? Lessons from China
2012
w18574 Martin Gaynor
Carol Propper
Stephan Seiler

Free to Choose? Reform and Demand Response in the English National Health Service
w18359 Keith M. Marzilli Ericson
Consumer Inertia and Firm Pricing in the Medicare Part D Prescription Drug Insurance Exchange
w18281 David Dranove
Christopher Forman
Avi Goldfarb
Shane Greenstein

The Trillion Dollar Conundrum: Complementarities and Health Information Technology
w18268 Alberto Chong
Rafael La Porta
Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes
Andrei Shleifer

Letter Grading Government Efficiency
w18286 Leemore Dafny
Subramaniam Ramanarayanan

Does it Matter if Your Health Insurer is For-Profit? Effects of Ownership on Premiums, Insurance Coverage, and Medical Spending
w18167 Shane Greenstein
Feng Zhu

Collective Intelligence and Neutral Point of View: The Case of Wikipedia
w18025 Jinhyung Lee
Jeffrey S. McCullough
Robert J. Town

The Impact of Health Information Technology on Hospital Productivity
2011
w17707 J. Vernon Henderson
Yong Suk Lee

Organization of Disaster Aid Delivery: Spending Your Donations
w17608 Martin Gaynor
Mauro Laudicella
Carol Propper

Can Governments Do It Better? Merger Mania and Hospital Outcomes in the English NHS
w17569 Joseph E. Aldy
Robert Stavins

The Promise and Problems of Pricing Carbon: Theory and Experience
w17236 Mark Duggan
Tamara Hayford

Has the Shift to Managed Care Reduced Medicaid Expenditures? Evidence from State and Local-Level Mandates
w17208 Martin Gaynor
Robert J. Town

Competition in Health Care Markets
w16926 Jill R. Horwitz
Austin Nichols

Rural Hospital Ownership: Medical Service Provision, Market Mix, and Spillover Effects
2010
w16626 Morris M. Kleiner
David Weil

Evaluating the Effectiveness of National Labor Relations Act Remedies: Analysis and Comparison with Other Workplace Penalty Policies
w16560 Morris M. Kleiner
Kyoung Won Park

Battles Among Licensed Occupations: Analyzing Government Regulations on Labor Market Outcomes for Dentists and Hygienists
w16538 Matthew E. Kahn
Erin T. Mansur

How Do Energy Prices, and Labor and Environmental Regulations Affect Local Manufacturing Employment Dynamics? A Regression Discontinuity Approach
w16498 Russell Cooper
Guan Gong
Ping Yan

Dynamic Labor Demand in China: Public and Private Objectives
w16258 Katja Seim
Joel Waldfogel

Public Monopoly and Economic Efficiency: Evidence from the Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board's Entry Decisions
w16164 Martin Gaynor
Rodrigo Moreno-Serra
Carol Propper

Death by Market Power: Reform, Competition and Patient Outcomes in the National Health Service
w15976 Sanghamitra Das
Kala Krishna
Sergey Lychagin
Rohini Somanathan

Back on the Rails: Competition and Productivity in State-owned Industry
w15861 Jeffrey Brown
Stephen G. Dimmock
Jun-Koo Kang
Scott Weisbenner

How University Endowments Respond to Financial Market Shocks: Evidence and Implications
2009
w15489 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Role of Search in University Productivity: Inside, Outside, and Interdisciplinary Dimensions
w15233 James D. Adams
Is the U.S. Losing Its Preeminence in Higher Education?
w15004 Garth Heutel
Crowding Out and Crowding In of Private Donations and Government Grants
w14979 Morris M. Kleiner
Alan B. Krueger

Analyzing the Extent and Influence of Occupational Licensing on the Labor Market
w14941 Andreas Lange
Andrew Stocking

Charitable Memberships, Volunteering, and Discounts: Evidence from a Large-Scale Online Field Experiment
w14942 Gary D. Libecap
Dean Lueck

The Demarcation of Land and the Role of Coordinating Institutions
w14946 Michael Schwarz
Yuri Takhteyev

Half a Century of Public Software Institutions: Open Source as a Solution to Hold-Up Problem
2008
w14564 Jonah E. Rockoff
Lesley J. Turner

Short Run Impacts of Accountability on School Quality
w14341 Josh Lerner
Antoinette Schoar
Jialan Wang

Secrets of the Academy: The Drivers of University Endowment Success
w14152 Pablo T. Spiller
An Institutional Theory of Public Contracts: Regulatory Implications
w14152 Pablo T. Spiller
An Institutional Theory of Public Contracts: Regulatory Implications
w13862 Jay Bhattacharya
Mikko Packalen

Is Medicine an Ivory Tower? Induced Innovation, Technological Opportunity, and For-Profit vs. Non-Profit Innovation
w13823 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Origins of Industrial Scientific Discoveries
w13774 Charles Calomiris
Raymond Fisman
Yongxiang Wang

Profiting from Government Stakes in a Command Economy: Evidence from Chinese Asset Sales
2007
w13681 Cecilia Elena Rouse
Jane Hannaway
Dan Goldhaber
David Figlio

Feeling the Florida Heat? How Low-Performing Schools Respond to Voucher and Accountability Pressure
w13684 Morris M. Kleiner
Richard M. Todd

Mortgage Broker Regulations That Matter: Analyzing Earnings, Employment, and Outcomes for Consumers
w13511 Erin T. Mansur
Do Oligopolists Pollute Less? Evidence from a Restructured Electricity Market
w13427 Siddhartha G. Dastidar
Raymond Fisman
Tarun Khanna

Testing Limits to Policy Reversal: Evidence from Indian Privatizations
w13350 Jonathan Levin
Steven Tadelis

Contracting for Government Services: Theory and Evidence from U.S. Cities
w13246 Jill R. Horwitz
Austin Nichols

What Do Nonprofits Maximize? Nonprofit Hospital Service Provision and Market Ownership Mix
w13247 Nava Ashraf
James Berry
Jesse M. Shapiro

Can Higher Prices Stimulate Product Use? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Zambia
w12995 Justine S. Hastings
Richard Van Weelden
Jeffrey Weinstein

Preferences, Information, and Parental Choice Behavior in Public School Choice
2006
w12683 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons

The Growing Allocative Inefficiency of the U.S. Higher Education Sector
w12523 Jeffrey L. Furman
Scott Stern

Climbing Atop the Shoulders of Giants: The Impact of Institutions on Cumulative Research
w12374 Yu-Chu Shen
The Effects of HMO and Its For-Profit Expansion on the Survival of Specialized Hospital Services
w12338 Dean Karlan
John A. List

Does Price Matter in Charitable Giving? Evidence From a Large-Scale Natural Field Experiment
w12301 Martin Gaynor
What Do We Know About Competition and Quality in Health Care Markets?
w12245 E. Han Kim
Adair Morse
Luigi Zingales

Are Elite Universities Losing Their Competitive Edge?
w12238 Rachel M. McCleary
Robert J. Barro

U.S.-Based Private Voluntary Organizations: Religious and Secular PVOs Engaged in International Relief & Development
w12029 Christopher Avery
Caroline Hoxby
Clement Jackson
Kaitlin Burek
Glenn Pope
Mridula Raman

Cost Should Be No Barrier: An Evaluation of the First Year of Harvard's Financial Aid Initiative
w11997 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons
Paula E. Stephan

How Rapidly Does Science Leak Out?
2005
w11705 Sujoy Chakravarty
Martin Gaynor
Steven Klepper
William B. Vogt

Does the Profit Motive Make Jack Nimble? Ownership Form and the Evolution of the U.S. Hospital Industry
w11662 Yu-Chu Shen
Karen Eggleston
Joseph Lau
Christopher Schmid

Hospital Ownership and Financial Performance: A Quantitative Research Review
w11611 Craig Landry
Andreas Lange
John A. List
Michael K. Price
Nicholas G. Rupp

Toward an Understanding of the Economics of Charity: Evidence from a Field Experiment
w11542 Philippe Aghion
Mathias Dewatripont
Jeremy C. Stein

Academic Freedom, Private-Sector Focus, and the Process of Innovation
w11475 Celestine Chukumba
Richard Jensen

University Invention, Entrepreneurship, and Start-Ups
w11465 Fiona Murray
Scott Stern

Do Formal Intellectual Property Rights Hinder the Free Flow of Scientific Knowledge? An Empirical Test of the Anti-Commons Hypothesis
w11376 Jill R. Horwitz
Does Corporate Ownership Matter? Service Provision in the Hospital Industry
w11192 Rexford E. Santerre
John A. Vernon

Hospital Ownership Mix Efficiency in the US: An Exploratory Study
w11140 Mihir A. Desai
Robert J. Yetman

Constraining Managers without Owners: Governance of the Not-for-Profit Enterprise
w11115 Rexford E. Santerre
John A. Vernon

Testing for Ownership Mix Efficiency: The Case of the Nursing Home Industry
2004
w10875 James D. Adams
J. Roger Clemmons
Paula E. Stephan

Standing on Academic Shoulders: Measuring Scientific Influence in Universities
w10758 Richard A. Jensen
Marie C. Thursby

Patent Licensing and the Research University
w10640 James D. Adams
Scientific Teams and Institution Collaborations: Evidence from U.S. Universities, 1981-1999
w10269 Andrei Shleifer
Does Competition Destroy Ethical Behavior?
2003
w10127 Nancy Dean Beaulieu
Health Plan Conversions: Are They in the Public Interest?
w10008 Chang-Tai Hsieh
Miguel Urquiola

When Schools Compete, How Do They Compete? An Assessment of Chile's Nationwide School Voucher Program
2002
w9173 Jonathan Katz Nelson
Richard J. Zeckhauser

A Renaissance Instrument to Support Nonprofits: The Sale of Private Chapels in Florentine Churches
w8899 Jason R. Barro
Michael Chu

HMO Penetration, Ownership Status, and the Rise of Hospital Advertising
2001
w8664 Canice Prendergast
Selection and Oversight in the Public Sector, With the Los Angeles Police Department as an Example
w8627 Dora L. Costa
Matthew E. Kahn

Cowards and Heroes: Group Loyalty in the American Civil War
w8537 Daniel Kessler
Mark McClellan

The Effects of Hospital Ownership on Medical Productivity
w8288 Simeon Djankov
Caralee McLiesh
Tatiana Nenova
Andrei Shleifer

Who Owns the Media?
w8307 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Christopher L. Smith

The Sources and Uses of Annual Giving at Private Research Universities
w8201 Leslie Eldenburg
Benjamin E. Hermalin
Michael S. Weisbach
Marta Wosinska

Hospital Governance, Performance Objectives, and Organizational Form
w8133 Elaine Silverman
Jonathan Skinner

Are For-Profit Hospitals Really Different? Medicare Upcoding and Market Structure
2000
w6820 James R. Hines
Jr.

Nonprofit Business Activity and the Unrelated Business Income Tax
w7887 Susan Athey
Scott Stern

The Impact of Information Technology on Emergency Health Care Outcomes
w7924 Richard Arnould
Marianne Bertrand
Kevin F. Hallock

Does Managed Care Change the Mission of Nonprofit Hospitals? Evidence From the Managerial Labor Market
w7718 Jerry G. Thursby
Marie C. Thursby

Who is Selling the Ivory Tower? Sources of Growth in University Licensing
w7600 Josh Lerner
Jean Triole

The Simple Economics of Open Source
w7620 Rafael La Porta
Florencio Lopezde-Silanes
Andrei Shleifer

Government Ownership of Banks
1999
w7324 Mark McClellan
Douglas Staiger

Comparing Hospital Quality at For-Profit and Not-for-Profit Hospitals
w7256 Donald Siegel
David Waldman
Albert Link

Assessing the Impact of Organizational Practices on the Productivity of University Technology Transfer Offices: An Exploratory Study
w7043 Ann P. Bartel
Ann E. Harrison

Ownership versus Environment: Why are Public Sector Firms Inefficient?
w6976 Ronald G. Ehrenberg
Jaroslava K. Mykula

Do Indirect Costs Rates Matter?
1998
w6810 Edward L. Glaeser
Andrei Shleifer

Not-For-Profit Entrepreneurs
w6810 Edward L. Glaeser
Andrei Shleifer

Not-For-Profit Entrepreneurs
1997
w6057 Steven T. Berry
Joel Waldfogel

Public Radio in the United States: Does It Correct Market Failure or Cannibalize Commercial Stations?
1996
w5833 James D. Adams
Zvi Griliches

Research Productivity in a System of Universities
1995
w5040 H. Naci Mocan
Quality Adjusted Cost Functions for Child Care Centers

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