NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Archive of NBER Papers on Africa

Papers with an Africa icon were funded by the African Successes Project.

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2015
w21798 Sara Lowes
Nathan Nunn
James A. Robinson
Jonathan Weigel

The Evolution of Culture and Institutions: Evidence from the Kuba Kingdom
w21715 Lars Ivar Oppedal Berge
Kjetil Bjorvatn
Simon Galle
Edward Miguel
Daniel N. Posner
Bertil Tungodden
Kelly Zhang

How Strong are Ethnic Preferences?
w21685 Joachim De Weerdt
Garance Genicot
Alice Mesnard

Asymmetry of Information within Family Networks
w21428 Sarah Baird
Joan Hamory Hicks
Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel

Worms at Work: Long-run Impacts of a Child Health Investment
w21440 Taryn Dinkelman
Long Run Health Repercussions of Drought Shocks: Evidence from South African Homelands
w21439 David Atkin
Dave Donaldson

Who's Getting Globalized? The Size and Implications of Intra-national Trade Costs
w21414 B. Kelsey Jack
Paulina Oliva
Christopher Severen
Elizabeth Walker
Samuel Bell

Technology Adoption Under Uncertainty: Take-Up and Subsequent Investment in Zambia
w21324 Rebecca Dizon-Ross
Pascaline Dupas
Jonathan Robinson

Governance and the Effectiveness of Public Health Subsidies
w21310 Christopher Blattman
Eric P. Green
Julian C. Jamison
M. Christian Lehmann
Jeannie Annan

The Returns to Microenterprise Support Among the Ultra-Poor: A Field Experiment in Post-War Uganda
w21289 Christopher Blattman
Jeannie Annan

Can Employment Reduce Lawlessness and Rebellion? A Field Experiment with High-Risk Men in a Fragile State
w21213 Ewout Frankema
Jeffrey Williamson
Pieter Woltjer

An Economic Rationale for the African Scramble: The Commercial Transition and the Commodity Price Boom of 1845-1885
w21204 Christopher Blattman
Julian C. Jamison
Margaret Sheridan

Reducing crime and violence: Experimental evidence from cognitive behavioral therapy in Liberia
w21148 Amrita Ahuja
Sarah Baird
Joan Hamory Hicks
Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel
Shawn Powers

When Should Governments Subsidize Health? The Case of Mass Deworming
w21127 Marcel Fafchamps
Ruth Vargas Hill

Redistribution and Group Participation: Comparative Experimental Evidence from Africa and the UK
w21132 Marcel Fafchamps
Simon R. Quinn

Networks and Manufacturing Firms in Africa: Results from a Randomized Field Experiment
w21084 Marcel Fafchamps
Simon Quinn

Aspire
w21068 James Berry
Dean Karlan
Menno Pradhan

The Impact of Financial Education for Youth in Ghana
w21063 Pedro Carneiro
Oswald Koussihouèdé
Nathalie Lahire
Costas Meghir
Corina Mommaerts

Decentralizing Education Resources: School Grants in Senegal
w21036 Seema Jayachandran
Rohini Pande

Why Are Indian Children So Short?
w21029 Brian McCaig
Margaret S. McMillan
Iñigo Verduzco-Gallo
Keith Jefferis

Stuck in the Middle? Structural Change and Productivity Growth in Botswana
w21018 Xinshen Diao
Margaret McMillan

Toward an Understanding of Economic Growth in Africa: A Re-Interpretation of the Lewis Model
w20997 Paul Gertler
Manisha Shah
Maria Laura Alzua
Lisa Cameron
Sebastian Martinez
Sumeet Patil

How Does Health Promotion Work? Evidence From The Dirty Business of Eliminating Open Defecation
w20946 Lasse Brune
Xavier Giné
Jessica Goldberg
Dean Yang

Facilitating Savings for Agriculture: Field Experimental Evidence from Malawi
w20885 Sara Lowes
Nathan Nunn
James A. Robinson
Jonathan Weigel

Understanding Ethnic Identity in Africa: Evidence from the Implicit Association Test (IAT)
w20842 Taryn Dinkelman
Sam Schulhofer-Wohl

Migration, Congestion Externalities, and the Evaluation of Spatial Investments
2014
w20784 Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
Michael Kremer

Education, HIV, and Early Fertility: Experimental Evidence from Kenya
w20763 Richard Akresh
German Daniel Caruso
Harsha Thirumurthy

Medium-Term Health Impacts of Shocks Experienced In Utero and After Birth: Evidence from Detailed Geographic Information on War Exposure
w20600 Lori Beaman
Dean Karlan
Bram Thuysbaert

Saving for a (not so) Rainy Day: A Randomized Evaluation of Savings Groups in Mali
w20605 Catia Batista
Dan Silverman
Dean Yang

Directed Giving: Evidence from an Inter-Household Transfer Experiment
w20513 Stelios Michalopoulos
Elias Papaioannou

On the Ethnic Origins of African Development Chiefs and Pre-colonial Political Centralization
w20469 Roger Bate
Ginger Zhe Jin
Aparna Mathur
Amir Attaran

Poor Quality Drugs and Global Trade: A Pilot Study
w20465 Michael R. Carter
Rachid Laajaj
Dean Yang

Subsidies and the Persistence of Technology Adoption: Field Experimental Evidence from Mozambique
w20387 Lori Beaman
Dean Karlan
Bram Thuysbaert
Christopher Udry

Self-Selection into Credit Markets: Evidence from Agriculture in Mali
w20327 Kenneth Lee
Eric Brewer
Carson Christiano
Francis Meyo
Edward Miguel
Matthew Podolsky
Javier Rosa
Catherine Wolfram

Barriers to Electrification for "Under Grid" Households in Rural Kenya
w20218 Günther Fink
B. Kelsey Jack
Felix Masiye

Seasonal Credit Constraints and Agricultural Labor Supply: Evidence from Zambia
w20216 Patrick Francois
Ilia Rainer
Francesco Trebbi

The Dictator's Inner Circle
w20188 Dani Rodrik
An African Growth Miracle?
w20170 Greg Fischer
Dean Karlan
Margaret McConnell
Pia Raffler

To Charge or Not to Charge: Evidence from a Health Products Experiment in Uganda
w20135 Julian C. Jamison
Dean Karlan
Jonathan Zinman

Financial Education and Access to Savings Accounts: Complements or Substitutes? Evidence from Ugandan Youth Clubs
w20092 Africa book link Daron Acemoglu
Isaías N. Chaves
Philip Osafo-Kwaako
James A. Robinson

Indirect Rule and State Weakness in Africa: Sierra Leone in Comparative Perspective
w20077 Margaret S. McMillan
Kenneth Harttgen

What is driving the 'African Growth Miracle'?
w19929 Amar Hamoudi
Duncan Thomas

Endogenous Co-residence and Program Incidence: South Africa's Old Age Pension
w19863 Dean Karlan
Leigh L. Linden

Loose Knots: Strong versus Weak Commitments to Save for Education in Uganda
w19825 Raymond P. Guiteras
B. Kelsey Jack

Incentives, Selection and Productivity in Labor Markets: Evidence from Rural Malawi
2013
w19756 Taryn Dinkelman
Mitigating Long-run Health Effects of Drought: Evidence from South Africa
w19702 Sarah A. Janzen
Michael R. Carter

After the Drought: The Impact of Microinsurance on Consumption Smoothing and Asset Protection
w19673 Isaías N. Chaves
Stanley L. Engerman
James A. Robinson

Reinventing the Wheel: The Economic Benefits of Wheeled Transportation in Early British Colonial West Africa
w19607 David Lam
Cally Ardington
Nicola Branson
Murray Leibbrandt

Credit Constraints and the Racial Gap in Post-Secondary Education in South Africa
w19603 Emilio Depetris-Chauvin
David N. Weil

Malaria and Early African Development: Evidence from the Sickle Cell Trait
w19494 Gianmarco León
Edward Miguel

Transportation Choices and the Value of Statistical Life
w19479 Africa book link Sarah J. Baird
Ephraim Chirwa
Jacobus de Hoop
Berk Özler

Girl Power: Cash Transfers and Adolescent Welfare. Evidence from a Cluster-Randomized Experiment in Malawi
w19398 Robin Burgess
Remi Jedwab
Edward Miguel
Ameet Morjaria
Gerard Padró i Miquel

The Value of Democracy: Evidence from Road Building in Kenya
w19312 Jennifer M. Meredith
Jonathan Robinson
Sarah Walker
Bruce Wydick

Keeping the Doctor Away: Experimental Evidence on Investment in Preventative Health Products
w19264 Pascaline Dupas
Jonathan Robinson

Daily Needs, Income Targets and Labor Supply: Evidence from Kenya
w19245 Margaret S. McMillan
William A. Masters
Harounan Kazianga

Disease Control, Demographic Change and Institutional Development in Africa
w19107 Julian C. Jamison
Dean Karlan
Pia Raffler

Mixed Method Evaluation of a Passive mHealth Sexual Information Texting Service in Uganda
w18971 Africa book link Peter Boone
Ila Fazzio
Kameshwari Jandhyala
Chitra Jayanty
Gangadhar Jayanty
Simon Johnson
Vimala Ramachandrin
Filipa Silva
Zhaoguo Zhan

The Surprisingly Dire Situation of Children's Education in Rural West Africa: Results from the CREO Study in Guinea-Bissau (Comprehensive Review of Education Outcomes)
w18953 Jeremy Greenwood
Philipp Kircher
Cezar Santos
Michèle Tertilt

An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic
w18833 Debopam Bhattacharya
Pascaline Dupas
Shin Kanaya

Estimating the Impact of Means-tested Subsidies under Treatment Externalities with Application to Anti-Malarial Bednets
w18778 Lori A. Beaman
Dean Karlan
Bram Thuysbaert
Christopher R. Udry

Profitability of Fertilizer: Experimental Evidence from Female Rice Farmers in Mali
w18770 Philip Osafo-Kwaako
James A. Robinson

Political Centralization in Pre-Colonial Africa
w18691 Daron Acemoglu
Tristan Reed
James A. Robinson

Chiefs: Elite Control of Civil Society and Economic Development in Sierra Leone
w18683 Ann E. Harrison
Justin Yifu Lin
L. Colin Xu

Explaining Africa's (Dis)advantage
2012
w18566 Leander Heldring
James A. Robinson

Colonialism and Economic Development in Africa
w18539 Africa book link Victor A.B. Davies
Sylvain Dessy

The Political Economy of Government Revenues in Post-Conflict Resource-Rich Africa: Liberia and Sierra Leone
w18512 Alberto F. Alesina
Stelios Michalopoulos
Elias Papaioannou

Ethnic Inequality
w18490 Alwyn Young
The African Growth Miracle
w18463 Dean Karlan
Robert Darko Osei
Isaac Osei-Akoto
Christopher Udry

Agricultural Decisions after Relaxing Credit and Risk Constraints
w18424 Africa book link Ilia Rainer
Francesco Trebbi

New Tools for the Analysis of Political Power in Africa
w18425 Patrick Francois
Ilia Rainer
Francesco Trebbi

How Is Power Shared In Africa?
w18378 Africa book link James Habyarimana
William Jack

State vs Consumer Regulation: An Evaluation of Two Road Safety Interventions in Kenya
w18368 Africa book link Katherine Casey
Rachel Glennerster
Edward Miguel

Healing the Wounds: Learning from Sierra Leone's Post-war Institutional Reforms
w18325 Dean Karlan
Ryan Knight
Christopher Udry

Hoping to Win, Expected to Lose: Theory and Lessons on Micro Enterprise Development
w18289 Janvier D. Nkurunziza
Léonce Ndikumana
Prime Nyamoya

The Financial Sector in Burundi
w18275 Stelios Michalopoulos
Elias Papaioannou

National Institutions and Subnational Development in Africa
w18226 Africa book link Nicholas Wilson
Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Reproductive Behavior in Zambia
w18224 Stelios Michalopoulos
Elias Papaioannou

Pre-colonial Ethnic Institutions and Contemporary African Development
w18126 Emilie Caldeira
Martial Foucault
Grégoire Rota-Graziosi

Decentralisation in Africa and the Nature of Local Governments' Competition: Evidence from Benin
w18118 Africa book link Emilie Caldeira
Martial Foucault
Grégoire Rota-Graziosi

Does Decentralization Facilitate Access to Poverty-Related Services? Evidence from Benin
w18115 Harounan Kazianga
Dan Levy
Leigh L. Linden
Matt Sloan

The Effects of "Girl-Friendly" Schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT School Construction Program in Burkina Faso
w18080 Africa book link Edward Kutsoati
Randall Morck

Family Ties, Inheritance Rights, and Successful Poverty Alleviation: Evidence from Ghana
w18065 Xavier Giné
Jessica Goldberg
Dan Silverman
Dean Yang

Revising Commitments: Field Evidence on the Adjustment of Prior Choices
w18030 Africa book link Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Bent E. Sorensen

Misallocation, Property Rights, and Access to Finance: Evidence from Within and Across Africa
w18013 Africa book link Franklin Allen
Elena Carletti
Robert Cull
Jun Qian
Lemma Senbet
Patricio Valenzuela

Resolving the African Financial Development Gap: Cross-Country Comparisons and a Within-Country Study of Kenya
w18016 Naci H. Mocan
Colin Cannonier

Empowering Women Through Education: Evidence from Sierra Leone
w17939 Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
Michael Kremer

School Governance, Teacher Incentives, and Pupil-Teacher Ratios: Experimental Evidence from Kenyan Primary Schools
w17943 Jessica Cohen
Pascaline Dupas
Simone G. Schaner

Price Subsidies, Diagnostic Tests, and Targeting of Malaria Treatment: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial
w17902 Diego A. Comin
An Exploration of Luxury Hotels in Tanzania
w17883 Gharad T. Bryan
Dean Karlan
Jonathan Zinman

Referrals: Peer Screening and Enforcement in a Consumer Credit Field Experiment
w17865 Africa book link Damien de Walque
William H. Dow
Carol Medlin
Rose Nathan

Stimulating Demand for AIDS Prevention: Lessons from the RESPECT Trial
w17851 Africa book link Pascaline Dupas
Sarah Green
Anthony Keats
Jonathan Robinson

Challenges in Banking the Rural Poor: Evidence from Kenya's Western Province
w17801 Africa book link Jeremy D. Foltz
Ursula T. Aldana
Paul Laris

The Sahel's Silent Maize Revolution: Analyzing Maize Productivity in Mali at the Farm-level
w17799 Robert P. Inman
Daniel L. Rubinfeld

Understanding the Democratic Transition in South Africa
w17785 Africa book link Richard Akresh
Damien de Walque
Harounan Kazianga

Alternative Cash Transfer Delivery Mechanisms: Impacts on Routine Preventative Health Clinic Visits in Burkina Faso
w17794 Nathan Nunn
Nancy Qian

Aiding Conflict: The Impact of U.S. Food Aid on Civil War
w17764 Africa book link Sebastian Edwards
Is Tanzania a Success Story? A Long Term Analysis
2011
w17718 Margaret S. McMillan
William A. Masters
Harounan Kazianga

Rural Demography, Public Services and Land Rights in Africa: A Village-Level Analysis in Burkina Faso
w17620 Stelios Michalopoulos
Elias Papaioannou

The Long-Run Effects of the Scramble for Africa
w17544 Aaron Weisbrod
John Whalley

The Contribution of Chinese FDI to Africa's Pre Crisis Growth Surge
w17449 Xavier Giné
Jessica Goldberg
Dean Yang

Credit Market Consequences of Improved Personal Identification: Field Experimental Evidence from Malawi
w17377 Quamrul H. Ashraf
David N. Weil
Joshua Wilde

The Effect of Interventions to Reduce Fertility on Economic Growth
w17255 Pascaline Dupas
Jonathan Robinson

Why Don't the Poor Save More? Evidence from Health Savings Experiments
w17249 Tamara Hafner
David Popp

China and India as Suppliers of Affordable Medicines to Developing Countries
w17248 James A. Levinsohn
Todd Pugatch

Prospective Analysis of a Wage Subsidy for Cape Town Youth
w17216 Quamrul Ashraf
Oded Galor

The "Out of Africa" Hypothesis, Human Genetic Diversity, and Comparative Economic Development
w17207 Marcel Fafchamps
David McKenzie
Simon R. Quinn
Christopher Woodruff

When is capital enough to get female microenterprises growing? Evidence from a randomized experiment in Ghana
w17184 Stelios Michalopoulos
Elias Papaioannou

Divide and Rule or the Rule of the Divided? Evidence from Africa
w17165 Richard Akresh
Eric V. Edmonds

Residential Rivalry and Constraints on the Availability of Child Labor
w17129 Africa book link Isaac Mbiti
David N. Weil

Mobile Banking: The Impact of M-Pesa in Kenya
w17143 Margaret S. McMillan
Dani Rodrik

Globalization, Structural Change and Productivity Growth
w17098 Alberto F. Alesina
Paola Giuliano
Nathan Nunn

On the Origins of Gender Roles: Women and the Plough
w17092 Marshall Burke
John Dykema
David Lobell
Edward Miguel
Shanker Satyanath

Incorporating Climate Uncertainty into Estimates of Climate Change Impacts, with Applications to U.S. and African Agriculture
w17020 Ximena Cadena
Antoinette Schoar

Remembering to Pay? Reminders vs. Financial Incentives for Loan Payments
w17012 Katherine Casey
Rachel Glennerster
Edward Miguel

Reshaping Institutions: Evidence on Aid Impacts Using a Pre-Analysis Plan
w16966 Daron Acemoglu
Simon Johnson
James A. Robinson

Hither Thou Shalt Come, But No Further: Reply to "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation: Comment"
w16933 Florencia Devoto
Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
William Pariente
Vincent Pons

Happiness on Tap: Piped Water Adoption in Urban Morocco
w16939 Willa Friedman
Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel
Rebecca Thornton

Education as Liberation?
w16902 Africa book link Radha Iyengar
Giulia Ferrari

Comparing Economic and Social Interventions to Reduce Intimate Partner Violence: Evidence from Central and Southern Africa
w16901 James A. Levinsohn
Zoë McLaren
Olive Shisana
Khangelani Zuma

HIV Status and Labor Market Participation in South Africa
w16890 Africa book link Lisa D. Cook
Were the Nigerian Banking Reforms of 2005 A Success ... And for the Poor?
w16830 Jishnu Das
Stefan Dercon
James Habyarimana
Pramila Krishnan
Karthik Muralidharan
Venkatesh Sundararaman

School Inputs, Household Substitution, and Test Scores
w16821 Africa book link Rafael La Porta
Andrei Shleifer

The Unofficial Economy in Africa
w16813 Africa book link Yaw Nyarko
The Returns to the Brain Drain and Brain Circulation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Some Computations Using Data from Ghana
w16721 William Jack
Tavneet Suri

Mobile Money: The Economics of M-PESA
w16661 Africa book link Murray Leibbrandt
James Levinsohn

Fifteen Years On: Household Incomes in South Africa
2010
w16610 Africa book link Nathan Nunn
Nancy Qian

The Determinants of Food Aid Provisions to Africa and the Developing World
w16616 Africa book link Dimitrios Batzilis
Taryn Dinkelman
Emily Oster
Rebecca Thornton
Deric Zanera

New cellular networks in Malawi: Correlates of service rollout and network performance
w16623 Africa book link Lawrence Edwards
Robert Z. Lawrence

AGOA Rules: The Intended and Unintended Consequences of Special Fabric Provisions
w16597 Africa book link William Easterly
Ariell Reshef

African Export Successes: Surprises, Stylized Facts, and Explanations
w16594 Joshua Graff Zivin
Maria Damon
Harsha Thirumurthy

Health Shocks and Natural Resource Management: Evidence from Western Kenya
w16569 Africa book link Jeffrey A. Frankel
Mauritius: African Success Story
w16552 Africa book link Jorge Braga de Macedo
Luís Brites Pereira

Cape Verde and Mozambique as Development Successes in West and Southern Africa
w16481 Africa book link Steven Block
The Decline and Rise of Agricultural Productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa Since 1961
w16461 Edward Miguel
Shanker Satyanath

Understanding Transitory Rainfall Shocks, Economic Growth and Civil Conflict
w16440 Marshall Burke
John Dykema
David Lobell
Edward Miguel
Shanker Satyanath

Climate and Civil War: Is the Relationship Robust?
w16449 Pamela Jakiela
Edward Miguel
Vera L. te Velde

You've Earned It: Combining Field and Lab Experiments to Estimate the Impact of Human Capital on Social Preferences
w16298 Pascaline Dupas
Short-Run Subsidies and Long-Run Adoption of New Health Products: Evidence from a Field Experiment
w16203 R. Quentin Grafton
Clay Landry
Gary D. Libecap
Sam McGlennon
Robert O'Brien

An Integrated Assessment of Water Markets: Australia, Chile, China, South Africa and the USA
w16196 Rachel Glennerster
Edward Miguel
Alexander Rothenberg

Collective Action in Diverse Sierra Leone Communities
w16171 Marcella M. Alsan
David M. Cutler

Why did HIV decline in Uganda?
w16115 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Belgi Turan

HIV and Fertility Revisited
w16069 Africa book link Nava Ashraf
Günther Fink
David N. Weil

Evaluating the Effects of Large Scale Health Interventions in Developing Countries: The Zambian Malaria Initiative
w16001 Africa book link Mary Hallward-Driemeier
Gita Khun-Jush
Lant Pritchett

Deals versus Rules: Policy Implementation Uncertainty and Why Firms Hate It
w15960 Jenny C. Aker
Michael W. Klein
Stephen A. O'Connell
Muzhe Yang

Borders, Ethnicity and Trade
w15893 Jeremy Greenwood
Juan M. Sanchez
Cheng Wang

Quantifying the Impact of Financial Development on Economic Development
w15863 Africa book link Douglas Gollin
Richard Rogerson

Agriculture, Roads, and Economic Development in Uganda
w15836 Jeffrey A. Frankel
The Natural Resource Curse: A Survey
w15775 Xavier Sala-i-Martin
Maxim Pinkovskiy

African Poverty is Falling...Much Faster than You Think!
2009
w15280 Michael Kremer
Jessica Leino
Edward Miguel
Alix Peterson Zwane

Spring Cleaning: Rural Water Impacts, Valuation and Property Rights Institutions
w15199 J. Vernon Henderson
Adam Storeygard
David N. Weil

Measuring Economic Growth from Outer Space
w15131 Esther Duflo
Michael Kremer
Jonathan Robinson

Nudging Farmers to Use Fertilizer: Theory and Experimental Evidence from Kenya
w15000 Anne Case
Christina Paxson

The Impact of the AIDS Pandemic on Health Services in Africa: Evidence from Demographic and Health Surveys
w14998 Anne Case
Alicia Menendez

Requiescat in Pace? The Consequences of High Priced Funerals in South Africa
w14918 Nathan Nunn
Diego Puga

Ruggedness: The Blessing of Bad Geography in Africa
w14801 Christopher Blattman
Edward Miguel

Civil War
w14783 Nathan Nunn
Leonard Wantchekon

The Slave Trade and the Origins of Mistrust in Africa
w14707 Pascaline Dupas
Do Teenagers Respond to HIV Risk Information? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya
w14693 Pascaline Dupas
Jonathan Robinson

Savings Constraints and Microenterprise Development: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya
w14637 Angus Deaton
Jane Fortson
Robert Tortora

Life (evaluation), HIV/AIDS, and Death in Africa
2008
w14603 James A. Robinson
Ragnar Torvik

Endogenous Presidentialism
w14475 Esther Duflo
Pascaline Dupas
Michael Kremer

Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya
w14448 Louis Putterman
David N. Weil

Post-1500 Population Flows and the Long Run Determinants of Economic Growth and Inequality
w14449 Quamrul H. Ashraf
Ashley Lester
David N. Weil

When Does Improving Health Raise GDP?
w14456 Anne Case
Anu Garrib
Alicia Menendez
Analia Olgiati

Paying the Piper: The High Cost of Funerals in South Africa
w14428 Douglas Almond
Bhashkar Mazumder

Health Capital and the Prenatal Environment: The Effect of Maternal Fasting During Pregnancy
w14363 William Easterly
Can the West Save Africa?
w14248 Chinhui Juhn
Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
Belgi Turan

HIV and Fertility in Africa: First Evidence from Population Based Surveys
w14130 David Y. Albouy
The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Investigation of the Settler Mortality Data
w14024 Hany Besada
Yang Wang
John Whalley

China's Growing Economic Activity in Africa
w13838 Erica M. Field
Omar Robles
Máximo Torero

The Cognitive Link Between Geography and Development: Iodine Deficiency and Schooling Attainment in Tanzania
w13765 Kris James Mitchener
Marc Weidenmier

Trade and Empire
w13733 Robert P. Inman
Daniel L. Rubinfeld

Federal Institutions and the Democratic Transition: Learning from South Africa
w13727 Uri Gneezy
Kenneth L. Leonard
John A. List

Gender Differences in Competition: Evidence from a Matrilineal and a Patriarchal Society
2007
w13664 Awash Teklehaimanot
Gordon C. McCord
Jeffrey D. Sachs

Scaling Up Malaria Control in Africa: An Economic and Epidemiological Assessment
w13610 Emily Oster
Routes of Infection: Exports and HIV Incidence in Sub-Saharan Africa
w13541 Anne Case
Alicia Menendez

Sex Differences in Obesity Rates in Poor Countries: Evidence from South Africa
w13442 Cally Ardington
Anne Case
Victoria Hosegood

Labor Supply Responses to Large Social Transfers: Longitudinal Evidence from South Africa
w13396 Till Bärnighausen
David E. Bloom

"Conditional scholarships" for HIV/AIDS Health Workers: Educating and Retaining the Workforce to Provide Antiretroviral Treatment in Sub-Saharan Africa
w13395 Jorge Balat
Irene Brambilla
Guido Porto

Realizing the Gains From Trade: Export Crops, Marketing Costs, and Poverty
w13367 Nathan Nunn
The Long-Term Effects of Africa's Slave Trades
w13332 Margaret S. McMillan
Andrew R. Waxman

Profit Sharing Between Governments and Multinationals in Natural Resource Extraction: Evidence From a Firm-Level Panel
w13300 Paul Glewwe
Michael Kremer
Sylvie Moulin

Many Children Left Behind? Textbooks and Test Scores in Kenya
w13306 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Wage and Productivity Premiums in Sub-Saharan Africa
w13247 Nava Ashraf
James Berry
Jesse M. Shapiro

Can Higher Prices Stimulate Product Use? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Zambia
w13222 Garth Frazer
Johannes Van Biesebroeck

Trade Growth under the African Growth and Opportunity Act
w13167 Abhijit Banerjee
Sebastian Galiani
Jim Levinsohn
Zoë McLaren
Ingrid Woolard

Why Has Unemployment Risen in the New South Africa
w13120 Simon Johnson
Jonathan D. Ostry
Arvind Subramanian

The Prospects for Sustained Growth in Africa: Benchmarking the Constraints
w13070 Una Okonkwo Osili
Bridget Terry Long

Does Female Schooling Reduce Fertility? Evidence from Nigeria
w13049 Emily Oster
HIV and Sexual Behavior Change: Why Not Africa?
w13050 Jeffrey Frankel
On the Rand: Determinants of the South African Exchange Rate
w13034 Jennifer Hunt
Bribery in Health Care in Peru and Uganda
w12971 Mary Amiti
John Romalis

Will the Doha Round Lead to Preference Erosion?
w12892 Dalton Conley
Gordon C. McCord
Jeffrey D. Sachs

Africa's Lagging Demographic Transition: Evidence from Exogenous Impacts of Malaria Ecology and Agricultural Technology
2006
w12760 Lawrence Edwards
Robert Z. Lawrence

South African Trade Policy Matters: Trade Performance and Trade Policy
w12735 Angus Deaton
Global Patterns of Income and Health: Facts, Interpretations, and Policies
w12610 Robert H. Bates
John H. Coatsworth
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Lost Decades: Lessons from Post-Independence Latin America for Today's Africa
w12565 Dani Rodrik
Understanding South Africa's Economic Puzzles
w12418 James A. Levinsohn
Taryn Dinkelman
Rolang Majelantle

When Knowledge is not Enough: HIV/AIDS Information and Risky Behavior in Botswana
w12181 Sebnem Kalemli-Ozcan
AIDS, "Reversal" of the Demographic Transition and Economic Development: Evidence from Africa
w12108 Daron Acemoglu
James A. Robinson

Persistence of Power, Elites and Institutions
2005
w11871 Harsha Thirumurthy
Joshua Graff-Zivin
Markus Goldstein

The Economic Impact of AIDS Treatment: Labor Supply in Western Kenya
w11804 Irene Brambilla
Guido Porto

Market Structure, Outgrower contracs and Farm Output. Evidence from Cotton Reforms in Zambia
w11384 Murray Leibbrandt
James Levinsohn
Justin McCrary

Incomes in South Africa Since the Fall of Apartheid
w11288 Ernst R. Berndt
Rachel Glennerster
Michael R. Kremer
Jean Lee
Ruth Levine
Georg Weizsacker
Heidi Williams

Advanced Purchase Commitments for a Malaria Vaccine: Estimating Costs and Effectiveness
w11175 Jorge F. Balat
Guido Porto

Globalization and Complementary Policies: Poverty Impacts in Rural Zambia
w11048 James Levinsohn
Margaret McMillan

Does Food Aid Harm the Poor? Household Evidence from Ethiopia
2004
w10985 James Levinsohn
Globalization and the Returns to Speaking English in South Africa
w10991 Alwyn Young
The Gift of the Dying: The Tragedy of AIDS and the Welfare of Future African Generations
w10971 Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel
Rebecca Thornton

Incentives to Learn
w10498 Esther Duflo
Christopher Udry

Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Cote d'Ivoire: Social Norms, Separate Accounts and Consumption Choices
w10438 Robert J. Barro
Rachel M. McCleary

Which Countries Have State Religions?
w10324 Michael Kremer
Edward Miguel

The Illusion of Sustainability
w10265 Eric V. Edmonds
Does Illiquidity Alter Child Labor and Schooling Decisions? Evidence from Household Responses to Anticipated Cash Transfers in South Africa
w10230 Serkan Arslanalp
Peter Blair Henry

Helping the Poor to Help Themselves: Debt Relief or Aid
2003
w10168 John Whalley
J. Clark Leith

Competitive Liberalization and a US-SACU FTA
w10136 Daron Acemoglu
James A. Robinson
Thierry Verdier

Kleptocracy and Divide-and-Rule: A Model of Personal Rule
w10088 Kathleen Beegle
Rajeev Dehejia
Roberta Gatti

Child Labor, Crop Shocks, and Credit Constraints
w10020 Johannes Van Biesebroeck
Exporting Raises Productivity in Sub-Saharan African Manufacturing Plants
w9865 Elsa V. Artadi
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

The Economic Tragedy of the XXth Century: Growth in Africa
w9804 Xavier Sala-i-Martin
Arvind Subramanian

Addressing the Natural Resource Curse: An Illustration from Nigeria
w9797 Kenneth Leonard
Joshua Graff Zivin

Outcome Versus Service Based Payment in Health Care: Lessons from African Traditional Healers
w9668 Christopher L. Gilbert
Panos Varangis

Globalization and International Commodity Trade with Specific Reference to the West African Cocoa Producers
w9671 Paul Glewwe
Nauman Ilias
Michael Kremer

Teacher Incentives
w9659 Raymond Fisman
Mayank Raturi

Does Competition Encourage Credit Provision? Evidence from African Trade Credit Relationships
w9490 Jeffrey D. Sachs
Institutions Don't Rule: Direct Effects of Geography on Per Capita Income
w9411 Alberto Alesina
Arnaud Devleeschauwer
William Easterly
Sergio Kurlat
Romain Wacziarg

Fractionalization
2002
w9305 Dani Rodrik
Arvind Subramanian
Francesco Trebbi

Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development
w9213 Anne Case
Christina Paxson
Joseph Ableidinger

Orphans in Africa
w9124 Daron Acemoglu
Simon Johnson
James Robinson
Yunyong Thaicharoen

Institutional Causes, Macroeconomic Symptoms: Volatility, Crises and Growth
w9117 Margaret McMillan
Dani Rodrik
Karen Horn Welch

When Economic Reform Goes Wrong: Cashews in Mozambique
w9106 William Easterly
Ross Levine

Tropics, Germs, and Crops: How Endowments Influence Economic Development
w8953 Michael Kremer
Seema Jayachandran

Odious Debt
w8933 Xavier Sala-i-Martin
The World Distribution of Income (estimated from Individual Country Distributions)
w8904 Xavier Sala-i-Martin
The Disturbing "Rise" of Global Income Inequality
2001
w8495 Anne Case
Does Money Protect Health Status? Evidence from South African Pensions
w8481 Edward Miguel
Michael Kremer

Worms: Education and Health Externalities in Kenya
w8438 Ann E. Harrison
Margaret S. McMillan

Does Direct Foreign Investment Affect Domestic Firms' Credit Constraints?
w8114 John W. McArthur
Jeffrey D. Sachs

Institutions and Geography: Comment on Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson (2000)
w8119 Jeffrey D. Sachs
Tropical Underdevelopment
w8124 Timothy J. Hatton
Jeffrey G. Williamson

Demographic and Economic Pressure on Emigration Out of Africa
2000
w8061 Esther Duflo
Grandmothers and Granddaughters: Old Age Pension and Intra-household Allocation in South Africa
w8003 Edward J. Kane
Tara Rice

Bank Runs and Banking Policies: Lessons for African Policymakers
w8018 Paul Glewwe
Michael Kremer
Sylvie Moulin
Eric Zitzewitz

Retrospective vs. Prospective Analyses of School Inputs: The Case of Flip Charts in Kenya
w7896 Mary Kay Gugerty
Michael Kremer

Outside Funding of Community Organizations: Benefiting or Displacing the Poor?
w7743 Pierre-Richard Agenor
Joshua Aizenman

Savings and the Terms of Trade Under Borrowing Constraints
w7771 Daron Acemoglu
Simon Johnson
James A. Robinson

The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation
w7716 Michael Kremer
Creating Markets for New Vaccines Part I: Rationale
w7717 Michael Kremer
Creating Markets for New Vaccines Part II: Design Issues
w7594 Marianne Bertrand
Douglas Miller
Sendhil Mullainathan

Public Policy and Extended Families: Evidence from South Africa
w7530 Michael Kremer
Daniel Chen

Income-distribution Dynamics with Endogenous Fertility
w7541 Desmond McCarthy
Holger Wolf
Yi Wu

The Growth Costs of Malaria
t0250 Tomas J. Philipson
External Treatment Effects and Program Implementation Bias
1999
w7399 Anne Case
Motohiro Yogo

Does School Quality Matter? Returns to Education and the Characteristics of Schools in South Africa
w6942 Richard B. Freeman
David L. Lindauer

Why Not Africa?
1998
w6849 John Luke Gallup
Jeffrey D. Sachs
Andrew D. Mellinger

Geography and Economic Development
w6562 Dani Rodrik
Trade Policy and Economic Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa
1996
w5674 Michael Kremer
Charles Morcom

Elephants
w5572 Anne Case
Angus Deaton

Large Cash Transfers to the Elderly in South Africa
1995
w5398 Jeffrey D. Sachs
Andrew M. Warner

Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth
w5216 William H. Dow
Jessica Holmes
Tomas Philipson
Xavier Sala-i-Martin

Disease Complementarities and the Evaluation of Public Health Interventions
1994
w4805 Atish R. Ghosh
Holger C. Wolf

How Many Monies? A Genetic Approach to Finding Optimum Currency Areas
1993
w4488 Herschel I. Grossman
Murat Iyigun

Population Increase, Extralegal Appropriation, and the End of Colonialism
1992
w3947 Dani Rodrik
The Rush to Free Trade in the Developing World: Why So Late? Why Now? Will it Last?
1991
w3727 Shantayanan Devarajan
Dani Rodrik

Do the Benefits of Fixed Exchange Rates Outweigh Their Costs? The Franc Zone in Africa
1989
w3176 Shantayanan Devarajan
Dani Rodrik

Pro-Competitive Effects of Trade Reform: Results from a CGE Model of Cameroon
w2887 Mark Gertler
Kenneth Rogoff

Developing Country Borrowing and Domestic Wealth
1987
w2335 Jonathan S. Skinner
Taxation and Output Growth: Evidence from African Countries
w2220 William H. Branson
Jorge Braga de Macedo

Smuggler's Blues at the Central Bank: Lessons from Sudan
1985
w1574 Jorge Braga de Macedo
Collective Pegging to a Single Currency: The West African Monetary Union

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