NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The NBER Reporter 2017 Number 4:

Conferences

Competition and the Industrial Organization of Securities Markets
Financial Market Regulation
Neemrana Conference
Trade and Labor Markets
Using FoodAPS for Research in Diet, Health, Nutrition, and Food Security

Financial Market Regulation

A conference on financial market regulation sponsored by the Puelicher Center for Banking Education at the University of Wisconsin took place in Cambridge on October 6. Research Associates Dean Corbae of the University of Wisconsin and Robert Townsend of MIT organized the meeting. These researchers' papers were presented and discussed:

    Greg Buchak, University of Chicago; Gregor Matvos, University of Texas at Austin and NBER; Tomasz Piskorski, Columbia University and NBER; and Amit Seru, Stanford University and NBER, "Fintech, Regulatory Arbitrage, and the Rise of Shadow Banks" (NBER Working Paper No. 23288)

    Andrea L. Eisfeldt, University of California at Los Angeles and NBER; Bernard Herskovic, University of California, Los Angeles; Sriram Rajan, U.S. Department of the Treasury; and Emil Siriwardane, Harvard University, "Risk Reallocation in OTC Derivatives Networks"

    Lin William Cong, University of Chicago, and Zhiguo He, University of Chicago and NBER, "Blockchain Disruption and Smart Contracts"

    Victor Aguirregabiria, University of Toronto; Robert Clark, Queen's University; and Hui Wang, Peking University, "The Geographic Flow of Bank Funding and Access to Credit: Branch Networks and Local-Market Competition"

    Ralph Koijen, New York University and NBER, and Motohiro Yogo, Princeton University and NBER, "The Fragility of Market Risk Insurance"

Summaries of these papers are at:
http://www.nber.org/confer/2017/FMRf17/summary.html

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Trade and Labor Markets

A conference on trade and labor markets sponsored by the Smith Richardson Foundation took place in Cambridge October 13–14. Research Associates Gordon H. Hanson of the University of California, San Diego and Stephen J. Redding of Princeton University organized the meeting. These researchers' papers were presented and discussed:

    Robert C. Feenstra, University of California, Davis and NBER, and Hong Ma and Yuan Xu, Tsinghua University, "U.S. Exports and Employment"

    Illenin Kondo, University of Notre Dame, "Trade Displacement Multipliers: Theory and Evidence Using the U.S. Trade Adjustment Assistance"

    Eunhee Lee, University of Maryland, and Kei-Mu Yi, University of Houston and NBER, "Global Value Chains and Inequality with Endogenous Labor Supply"

    Spencer Lyon, New York University, and Michael E. Waugh, New York University and NBER, "Redistributing the Gains from Trade through Progressive Taxation"

    Runjuan Liu, University of Alberta, and Daniel Trefler, University of Toronto and NBER, "A Sorted Tale of Globalization: White Collar Jobs and the Rise of Service Offshoring" (NBER Working Paper No. 17559)

    Rafael Dix-Carneiro, Duke University and NBER, and Brian K. Kovak, Carnegie Mellon University and NBER, "Margins of Labor Market Adjustment to Trade" (NBER Working Paper No. 23595)

    Justin R. Pierce, Federal Reserve Board, and Peter K. Schott, Yale University and NBER, "Trade Liberalization and Investment: Evidence from the U.S. Granting of PNTR to China"

    Benjamin G. Hyman, University of Pennsylvania, "Can Displaced Labor Be Retrained? Evidence from Qua-si-Random Assignment to Trade Adjustment Assistance"

    Shushanik Hakobyan, International Monetary Fund, and John McLaren, University of Virginia and NBER, "NAFTA and the Gender Wage Gap"

    Brian J. Asquith, NBER; Sanjana Goswami and Antonio Rodriguez-Lopez, University of California at Irvine; and David Neumark, University of California at Irvine and NBER, "U.S. Job Flows and the China Shock"

Summaries of these papers are at:
http:www.nber.org/confer/2017/TLMf17/summary.html

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Competition and the Industrial Organization of Securities Markets

The NBER, the Australian National University, the Peking University China Center for A conference on "Competition and the Industrial Organization of Securities Markets" took place in Cambridge on December 1. Tarun Chordia of Emory University, Gideon Saar of Cornell University, and Faculty Research Fellow Mao Ye of University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign organized the meeting. These researchers' papers were presented and discussed:

    Mariana Khapko, University of Toronto, and Marius A. Zoican, Université Paris-Dauphine, "Smart Settlement"

    Markus Baldauf, University of British Columbia, and Joshua J. Mollner, Northwestern University, "Trading in Fragmented Markets"

    John W. Hatfield, University of Texas at Austin; Scott Duke Kominers, Harvard University; Richard Lowery, University of Texas at Austin; and Jordan M. Barry, University of San Diego School of Law, "Collusion in Markets with Syndication"

    Lin William Cong, University of Chicago, and Zhiguo He, University of Chicago and NBER, "Blockchain Disruption and Smart Contracts"

    Peter H. Haslag, Vanderbilt University, and Matthew Ringgenberg, University of Utah, "The Demise of the NYSE and NASDAQ: Market Quality in the Age of Market Fragmentation"

    James Brugler, University of Melbourne; Carole Comerton-Forde, University of New South Wales; and Terrence Hendershott, University of California at Berkeley, "Does Financial Market Structure Impact the Cost of Capital?"

Summaries of these papers are at:
http://www.nber.org/confer/2017/CIOf17/summary.html

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Using FoodAPS for Research in Diet, Health, Nutrition, and Food Security

A conference on "Using FoodAPS for Research in Diet, Health, Nutrition, and Food Security" took place in Washington, DC, on December 7–8. Research Associates Marianne Bitler, University of California, Davis and NBER and Janet Currie, Princeton University and NBER, organized the meeting, which was sponsored by the Economic Research Service, the Food and Nutrition Service, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. These researchers' papers were presented and discussed:

    Bruce D. Meyer, University of Chicago and NBER, and Nikolas Mittag, CERGE-EI, "Misreporting of Government Transfers: How Important are Survey Design and Geography?"

    David E. Frisvold, University of Iowa and NBER, and Joseph Price, Brigham Young University and NBER, "The Role of School Meal Programs in the Food Environment Experienced by Children"

    Timothy Beatty, Marianne Bitler, Xinzhe Cheng, and Cynthia van der Werf, University of California at Davis, "The Pay Check Cycle"; also Beatty, Bitler, and van der Werf, "Do Food Assistance Programs Affect Retailers?"

    Erin T. Bronchetti, Swarthmore College; Garret S. Christensen, University of California at Berkeley; and Benjamin Hansen, University of Oregon and NBER, "USDA Food Assistance Programs (SNAP, the National School Lunch Program, and the School Breakfast Program) and Healthy Food Choices: Quasi-Experimental Evidence from Geographic Variation in Food Prices"

    Charles J. Courtemanche and Rusty Tchernis, Georgia State University and NBER, and Augustine Denteh, Georgia State University, "The Impacts of SNAP on Food Insecurity, Obesity, and Food Purchases: Who Misreports and Does it Matter?"

    Amy Ellen Schwartz, Syracuse University, and Augustina Laurito, New York University, "Does School Lunch Fill the "'SNAP Gap' at the End of the Month?"

    Robert A. Moffitt, Johns Hopkins University and NBER, and Kyungmin Kang, Johns Hopkins University, "The Effect of SNAP and School Food Programs on Food Spending, Diet Quality, and Food Security: Sensitivity to Program and Income Reporting Error"

    Helen H. Jensen, Brent Kreider, and Oleksandr Zhylyevskyy, Iowa State University, "Investigating Causal Effects of SNAP and WIC on Food Insecurity Using FoodAPS"

    Jacob S. Goldin, Stanford University; Tatiana Homonoff, New York University; and Katherine H. Meckel, Texas A&M University, "Issuance and Incidence: SNAP Benefit Cycles and Grocery Prices"

    Di Fang, Aaron M. Novotny, Rodolfo Nayga, and Michael Thomsen, University of Arkansas, "WIC Participation and Relative Quality of Household Food Purchases: Evidence from FoodAPS"

Summaries of these papers are at:
http://www.nber.org/confer/2017/FSf17/summary.html

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Neemrana Conference

     The NBER, the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (ICRIER), and the National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER) sponsored a meeting in New Delhi and Neemrana, India, on December 15–17 that included NBER researchers and economists from Indian universities, research institutions, and various government depart-ments. The meeting was organized by NBER Research Associates Abhijit Banerjee of MIT and Gita Gopinath of Harvard University, and Rajat Kathuria of ICRIER.

The NBER participants were Abhijit Banerjee; Gabriel Chowdorow-Reich, Douglas Elmendorf, Karen Dynan, and Amanda Pallais of Harvard University; Anne O. Krueger of Johns Hopkins University; Benjamin Moll of Princeton University; Joshua Rauh of Stanford University, Lars Hansen, Brent Neiman, and Owen Zidar of the University of Chicago; Hilary Hoynes of the University of California at Berkeley; Alan Olmstead of the University of California at Davis; and Karthik Muralidharan of the University of California at San Diego. A wide range of topics was discussed, including the current outlook for growth in India and the global economy, the links between productivity growth and the agricultural sector, the ways in which banks and other financial institutions influence economic growth, urbanization, the challenge of job creation in both India and the United States, skill development and the role of education, and the challenge of achieving inclusive economic growth.

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