NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

The NBER Reporter 2016 Number 4:

Conferences

●  Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth
●  Public Policies in Canada and the United States
●  Youth Labor Market

Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth

An NBER Conference, "Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth," supported by the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, took place in Durham, North Carolina, on October 14–15. Manuel Adelino and Research Associate David T. Robinson, both of Duke University, organized the meeting. These researchers' papers were presented and discussed:

    Chuck Eesley and Yong Suk Lee, Stanford University, "The Effects of University Entrepreneurship Initiatives on Entrepreneurship and Innovation"

    Sabrina T. Howell, New York University, "Learning in Entrepreneurship"

    Titan M. Alon, Northwestern University; David W. Berger, Northwestern University and NBER; and Robert C. Dent and Benjamin Pugsley, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, "Older and Slower: The Startup Deficit’s Lasting Effects on Productivity Growth"

    Jorge Guzman, MIT, and Scott Stern, MIT and NBER, "The State of American Entrepreneurship: Evidence from 15 States" (NBER Working Paper No. 22095)

    Mark Curtis, Wake Forest University, and Ryan Decker, Federal Reserve Board, "Entrepreneurship and State Policy"

    Konrad B. Burchardi, Stockholm University; Thomas Chaney, Sciences Po (Paris); and Tarek A. Hassan, University of Chicago and NBER, "Migrants, Ancestors, and Investments" (NBER Working Paper No. 21847)

    Jean-Noel Barrot, MIT, and Ramana Nanda, Harvard University and NBER, "Can Paying Firms Quicker Affect Aggregate Employment?” (NBER Working Paper No. 22420)

Summaries of these papers are at:
http://www.nber.org/confer/2016/EEGf16/summary.html

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Public Policies in Canada and the United States

"Public Policies in Canada and the United States," an NBER conference supported by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation and Employment and Social Development Canada, took place in Gatineau, Quebec, on October 27–28. Research Associates Philip Oreopoulos of the University of Toronto and David Card of the University of California, Berkeley, organized the meeting. These researchers' papers were presented and discussed:

    Hilary Hoynes, University of California, Berkeley, and NBER, and Mark Stabile, INSEAD (Fontainebleau) and NBER, "Small Differences that Matter: Differences in the Social Safety Net and the Implications for Women and Children"

    Kevin S. Milligan, University of British Columbia and NBER, and Tammy Schirle, Wilfrid Laurier University (Ontario), "Push and Pull: Disability Insurance, Regional Labor Markets, and Benefit Generosity in Canada and the United States"

    Michael Baker, University of Toronto and NBER; Janet Currie, Princeton University and NBER; and Hannes Schwandt, University of Zurich, "Inequality in Mortality over the Life Course: A Comparison of the U.S. and Canada"

    Marc Frenette, Statistics Canada; Judith Scott-Clayton, Columbia University and NBER; Philip Oreopoulos; and Carolyn Tsao, Harvard University, "Why are Community College Completion Rates So Different between Canada and the United States and Does It Lead to Differences in Earnings?"

    Michael Kottelenberg, Huron University College (Ontario), and Steven F. Lehrer, Queen's University (Ontario) and NBER, "New Evidence on How Skills Influence Human Capital Acquisition and Early Labour Market Return to Human Capital between Canada and the United States"

    Kory Kroft, University of Toronto and NBER; Fabian Lange, McGill University (Montreal); Matthew J. Notowidigdo, Northwestern University and NBER; and Matthew Tudball, University of Toronto, "Long Time Out: Unemployment and Joblessness in Canada and the United States"

    Stephen Jones, McMaster University (Ontario), and Craig Riddell, University of British Columbia, "Unemployment, Marginal Attachment, and Labour Force Participation in Canada and the United States"

    David Albouy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and NBER; Chandler Lutz, Copenhagen Business School; and Casey Warman, Dalhousie University (Nova Scotia) and NBER, "Local Labor Markets in Canada and the United States"

    Ana Damas De Matos and Daniel Parent, HEC Montréal, "Canada and High Skill Immigration in the U.S.: Way Station or Farm System?"

    Andrew J. Clarke, University of Melbourne, and Ana Ferrer and Mikal Skuterud, University of Waterloo, "A Comparative Analysis of the Labour Market Performance of University-Educated Immigrants in Australia, Canada, and the United States: Does Policy Matter?"

    David A. Green, University of British Columbia; Rene Morissette, Statistics Canada; and Benjamin M. Sand, York University (Toronto), "Geographic Spillovers of Booms: The Effects of Canada's Resource Boom on Canada-U.S. Differences in Wages"

    Audra Bowlus and Chris Robinson, University of Western Ontario, and Haoming Liu, National University of Singapore, "Different Paths? Human Capital Prices, Wages, and Inequality in Canada and the U.S."

    Marie Connolly and Catherine Haeck, Université du Québec à Montréal, and Miles Corak, University of Ottawa, "Intergenerational Income Mobility in Canada and the United States"

Summaries of these papers are at:
http://www.nber.org/confer/2016/PPCf16/summary.html

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Youth Labor Market

An NBER conference, "Youth Labor Market," supported by the Smith Richardson Foundation, took place in Cambridge on November 12. Research Associate David Card of the University of California, Berkeley, organized the meeting. These researchers' papers were presented and discussed:

    Jesse Rothstein, University of California, Berkeley, and NBER, "Inequality of Educational Opportunity? Schools as Mediators of the Intergenerational Transmission of Income"

    Joseph Altonji, Yale University and NBER, and Richard Mansfield, Cornell University, "Quantifying Family, School and Location Effects in the Presence of Complementarities and Sorting"

    Steven Raphael, University of California, Berkeley, and NBER, and Sandra Rozo, University of Southern California, "Racial Disparities in the Acquisition of Juvenile Arrest Records"

    Janna Johnson, University of Minnesota, and Samuel Schulhofer-Wohl, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, "The Declining Geographic Mobility of U.S. Youth: Explanations and Implications"

    Till von Wachter, University of California, Los Angeles, and NBER, and Hannes Schwandt, University of Zurich, "The Effects of Graduating High School in Recessions and Booms on Early Career Outcomes and Long Term Earnings"

Summaries of these papers are at:
http://www.nber.org/confer/2016/YLMf16/summary.html

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