NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Generational Accounting in Korea

Alan J. Auerbach, Young Jun Chun

NBER Working Paper No. 9983
Issued in September 2003
NBER Program(s):   AG   PE

This paper reassesses the long-term fiscal position of Korea using Generational Accounting, modified to reflect the special features of the Korean fiscal situation, such as prospective changes in public pension benefit profiles and social welfare expenditures due to the maturing of public pensions, increasing demand for social welfare expenditures, and population aging. Our findings suggest that unless policy toward existing generations is substantially altered, future generations will face an excessively heavy fiscal burden. For reasonable growth and interest rate assumptions, the difference between 2000 newborns and those born after 2000 ranges from 60% to 120%. We also find that a substantial part of the fiscal burden on the future generations is explained by the long-run budgetary imbalance of public pensions and Medical Insurance.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w9983

Published: Auerbach, Alan J. and Young Jun Chun. "Generational Accounting In Korea," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 2006, v20(2,Jun), 234-268. citation courtesy of

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