NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Strict Dollarization and Economic Performance: An Empirical Investigation

Sebastian Edwards, I. Igal Magendzo

NBER Working Paper No. 9820
Issued in July 2003
NBER Program(s):   IFM

In this paper we analyze the macroeconomic record of 'strictly dollarized' economies. In particular we investigate whether dollarized countries have historically exhibited faster growth and lower volatility than countries with a domestic currency. We analyze this issue by using a treatment regression analysis that estimates jointly the probability of being a dollarized country, and outcome equations. Our analysis indicates that the probability of being a dollarized country depends on regional, geographical, political and structural variables. Our results also suggest GDP per capita growth has not been statistically different in dollarized and in non-dollarized ones. We also find that volatility has been significantly higher in dollarized than in non-dollarized economies. These results are robust to the estimation technique, and to the sample used.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w9820

Published:

  • Edwards, Sebastian and I. Igal Magendzo. "Dollarization And Economic Performance: What Do We Really Know?" International Journal of Finance and Economics 8(4): 351-363, October 2003
  • Edwards, Sebastian and I. Igal Magendzo. "Strict Dollarization and Economic Performance: An Empirical Investigation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, 38(1): 269-282, February 2006 citation courtesy of

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