NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Financial Distress and Employment: The Japanese Case in the 90s

Kazuo Ogawa

NBER Working Paper No. 9646
Issued in April 2003
NBER Program(s):   EFG   LS   ME

We examine quantitatively the extent to which financial distress in the 1990s affected employment behavior in Japan. Based on the firm-level panel data that include small firms, we estimate dynamic labor demand function, taking the impact of financial distress on employment into consideration. We find that the firm's ratio of debt to total asset exerts a significantly negative effect on employment of small firms. We also find that employment of small firms is sensitively affected by lending attitude of financial institutions.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w9646

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