NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Fiscal Policy and Inflation: Pondering the Imponderables

Eric M. Leeper

NBER Working Paper No. 9506
Issued in February 2003
NBER Program(s):   EFG

An asset-pricing perspective on inflation reveals that it depends on current and expected monetary and fiscal policies. There are three ways to carry $1 today into the future: money, bonds, and real assets. That dollar's purchasing power varies inversely with the price level. Expected money growth, tax rates, and government spending directly impinge on these expected rates of return of these assets, and determine the price level and the inflation rate. The paper considers a tax reduction that is financed by new government debt. It examines how alternative responses of current and future policies to the tax cut can imply very different outcomes for inflation.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w9506

Published: Leeper, Eric M. "Fiscal Policy and Inflation: Pondering the Imponderables." Journal of Investment Management 1 (Second Quarter 2003) 44-59.

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