Trade in University Training: Cross-State Variation in the Production and Use of College-Educated Labor
NBER Working Paper No. 8555
The main question addressed in this analysis is how the production of undergraduate and graduate education at the state level affects the local stock of university-educated workers. The potential mobility of highly skilled workers implies that the number of college students graduating in an area need not affect the number of college graduates living in the area. However, the production of relatively large numbers of college and university graduates in an area may lead to increases in the employment of university-trained manpower if local industries expand production of goods that use college-educated workers intensively. Using data from the U.S., we find a modest link between the production and use of BA degree recipients; states awarding relatively large numbers of BA degrees in each cohort also have somewhat higher concentrations of college-educated workers.
Published: Bound, John, Jeff Groen, Gabor Kezdi, and Sarah Turner. “Trade in University Training." Journal of Econometics 121 (2004): 143-173.