NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Grandmothers and Granddaughters: Old Age Pension and Intra-household Allocation in South Africa

Esther Duflo

NBER Working Paper No. 8061
Issued in December 2000
NBER Program(s):   CH

This paper studies whether the impact of a cash transfer on child nutritional status is affected by the gender of its recipient. In the early 1990's, the benefits and coverage of the South African social pension program were expanded for the black population. In 1993, the benefits were about twice the median income per capita in rural areas. Over a quarter of black South African children under age five live with a pension recipient. My estimates suggest that pensions received by women had a large impact on the anthropometric status of girls (it improved their weight given height by 1.19 standard deviations, and their height given age by 1.16 standard deviations), but little effect on that of boys. In contrast, I found no similar effect for pensions received by men. This suggests that the household does not function as a unitary entity, and that they efficiency of public transfer programs may depend on the gender of the recipient.

download in pdf format
   (327 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (327 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w8061

Published:

  • Duflo, Esther, "Child Health And Household Resources In South Africa: Evidence From The Old Age Pension Program," American Economic Review, Vol. 90. no. 2 (May 2000): 393-398 ,
  • Duflo, Esther, "Grandmothers and Granddaughters: Old-Age Pensions and Intrahousehold Allocation in South Africa," World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 17, no. 1, (June 2003): 1-25

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Duflo w7860 Schooling and Labor Market Consequences of School Construction in Indonesia: Evidence from an Unusual Policy Experiment
Duflo and Udry w10498 Intrahousehold Resource Allocation in Cote d'Ivoire: Social Norms, Separate Accounts and Consumption Choices
Case and Deaton w5572 Large Cash Transfers to the Elderly in South Africa
Ardington, Case, and Hosegood w13442 Labor Supply Responses to Large Social Transfers: Longitudinal Evidence from South Africa
Case Does Money Protect Health Status? Evidence from South African Pensions
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us