Compensation in the Nonprofit Sector
Christopher Ruhm, Carey Borkoski
This analysis provides an in-depth investigation of the determinants of pay in the nonprofit sector. The main findings are as follows. First, holding constant individual characteristics, average weekly wages are 11 percent lower in nonprofit than for-profit jobs. However, this difference is entirely explained by the concentration of nonprofit employment in relatively low paid industries. Second, an accompanying longitudinal analysis, focusing on movements of workers between nonprofit and profit-seeking employers, suggests a nonprofit penalty of between 2 and 4 percent. Third, nonprofit workers in three specific industries (hospitals, nursing/personal care facilities, social services) earn as much or more than their for-profit counterparts. However, the effects of changing the type of employment varies substantially across the three industries. These results raise questions about several predominant models of nonprofit wage-setting.
Published: Ruhm, Christopherj. and Cary Borkoski. "Compensation In The Nonprofit Sector," Journal of Human Resources, 2003, v38(4,Fall), 992-1021.