Strategic Trade Policy with Endogenous Choice of Quality and Asymmetric Costs
Dongsheng Zhou, Barbara J. Spencer, Ilan Vertinsky
NBER Working Paper No. 7536
This paper examines the strategic trade policy incentives for investment policies towards quality improvements in a vertically differentiated exporting industry. Firms first compete in qualities and then export to a third country market based on Bertrand or Cournot competition. Optimal policies are asymmetric across the two producing countries. Under Bertrand competition, the low-quality country subsidizes investment to raise export quality, while the high-quality country imposes a tax so as to reduce the quality of its already high quality exports. Under Cournot competition, the results are reversed with a tax in the low-quality country and a subsidy in the high-quality country.
Published: Zhou, Dongsheng, Barbara J. Spencer and Ilan Vertinsky. "Strategic Trade Policy With Endogenous Choice Of Quality And Asymmetric Costs," Journal of International Economics, 2002, v56(1,Jan), 205-232.