NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Going to War and Going to College: Did World War II and the G.I. Bill Increase Educational Attainment for Returning Veterans?

John Bound, Sarah E. Turner

NBER Working Paper No. 7452
Issued in December 1999
NBER Program(s):   LS

The end of World War II brought a flood of returning veterans to America's colleges and universities. Yet, despite widespread rhetoric about the democratization' of higher education that came with this large pool of students, there is little evidence about the question of whether military service, combined with the availability of post-war educational benefits, led these men to increase their investments in education - particularly at the college and university level. This paper uses the structure of the draft during the World War II period and the changing manpower requirements in the armed forces to address the effects of selection in comparisons of the educational attainment of veterans and nonveterans in this era. Using census data, our results indicate that the net effects of military service and the widely available funding for college through the G.I. Bill led to a moderate gain in the postsecondary educational attainment of World War II veterans.

download in pdf format
   (152 K)

email paper

This paper is available as PDF (152 K) or via email.

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w7452

Published: Bound, John and Sarah Turner. "Going To War And Going To College: Did World War II And The G.I. Bill Increase Education Attainment For Returning Veterans?," Journal of Labor Economics, 2002, v20(4,Oct), 784-815. citation courtesy of

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded these:
Turner and Bound w9044 Closing the Gap or Widening the Divide: The Effects of the G.I. Bill and World War II on the Educational Outcomes of Black Americans
Avery and Hoxby Do and Should Financial Aid Packages Affect Students' College Choices?
Angrist w3492 The Effect of Veterans Benefits on Veterans' Education and Earnings
Kane w5164 Rising Public College Tuition and College Entry: How Well Do Public Subsidies Promote Access to College?
Dynarski w7422 Does Aid Matter? Measuring the Effect of Student Aid on College Attendance and Completion
 
Publications
Activities
Meetings
NBER Videos
Data
People
About

Support
National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email: info@nber.org

Contact Us