Occupational Gender Composition and Wages in Canada: 1987-1988

Michael Baker, Nicole M. Fortin

NBER Working Paper No. 7371
Issued in September 1999
NBER Program(s):Labor Studies

The relationship between occupational gender composition and wages is the basis of pay equity/comparable worth legislation. A number of previous studies have examined this relationship in US data, identifying some of the determinants of low wages in ``female jobs'' well as important limitations of public policy in this area. There is little evidence, however, from other jurisdictions. This omission is particularly disturbing in the case of Canada, which now has some of the most extensive pay equity legislation in the world. In this paper we provide a comprehensive picture, circa the late 1980's, of the occupational gender segregation in Canada and its consequences for wages. The sample period precedes many provincial pay equity initiatives and thus the results should provide a baseline for the evaluation of this legislation. We find that the estimated wage penalties in female jobs in Canada are generally much smaller than the estimates for the United States. Although there is some heterogeneity across worker groups on average, the link between female wages and gender composition is small and not statistically significant.

download in pdf format
   (360 K)

email paper

Machine-readable bibliographic record - MARC, RIS, BibTeX

Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w7371

Published: "Occupational Gender Composition and Wages in Canada: 1987-1988", Canadian Journal of Economics, Vol. 34, May 2001, 345-376. citation courtesy of

Users who downloaded this paper also downloaded* these:
Blau, Simpson, and Anderson w6716 Continuing Progress? Trends in Occupational Segregation in the United States Over the 1970s and 1980s
Blau and Kahn w7732 Gender Differences in Pay
Rodrik and Velasco w7364 Short-Term Capital Flows
Holtz-Eakin, Phillips, and Rosen w7360 Estate Taxes, Life Insurance, and Small Business
Davis, MacCrisken, and Murphy w8411 Economic Perspectives on Software Design: PC Operating Systems and Platforms
NBER Videos

National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 02138; 617-868-3900; email:

Contact Us