NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH
NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH

Poisoned Grapes, Mad Cow, and Protectionism

Eduardo Engel

NBER Working Paper No. 6959
Issued in February 1999
NBER Program(s):   ITI

This paper studies two episodes where an exporting industry saw its sales plummet after importing countries banned their products to protect their citizens' health. The first case is the poisoned grapes crisis involving Chile and the United States in 1989. The second is the mad cows dispute between the United Kingdom and the European Union in 1996. These case studies motivate a new definition of protectionist measure' which is applied to argue the European Union's ban on British beef exports did not constitute a protectionist measure, while the US ban on Chilean fruit possibly classifies as such a measure.

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Document Object Identifier (DOI): 10.3386/w6959

Published: Eduardo M.R.A Engel, 2000. "Poisoned grapes, mad cows and protectionism," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(2), pages 91-111.

 
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